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A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System
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Kyoung-Hwan Kim (Dept. of MIS, Kyungsung University)
Vol. 16, No. 2, Page: 73 ~ 94
Nursing Records, Attending System, Agent Based System
The attending system is a medical system that allows doctors in clinics to use the extra equipment in hospitals-beds, laboratory, operating room, etc-for their patient's care under a contract between the doctors and hospitals. Therefore, the system is very beneficial in terms of the efficiency of the usage of medical resources. However, it is necessary to develop a strong support system to strengthen its weaknesses and supplement its merits. If doctors use hospital beds under the attending system of hospitals, they would be able to check a patient's condition often and provide them with nursing care services. However, the current attending system lacks delivery and assistance support. Thus, for the successful performance of the attending system, a networking system should be developed to facilitate communication between the doctors and nurses. In particular, the nursing records in the attending system could help doctors monitor the patient's condition and provision of nursing care services. A nursing record is the formal documentation associated with nursing care. It is merely a data repository that helps nurses to track their activities; nursing records thus represent a resource of primary information that can be reused. In order to maximize their usefulness, nursing records have been introduced as part of computerized patient records. However, nursing records are internal data that are not disclosed by hospitals. Moreover, the lack of standardization of the record list makes it difficult to share nursing records. Under the attending system, nurses would want to minimize the amount of effort they have to put in for the maintenance of additional records. Hence, they would try to maintain the current level of nursing records in the form of record lists and record attributes, while doctors would require more detailed and real-time information about their patients in order to monitor their condition. Therefore, this study developed a system for assisting in the maintenance and sharing of the nursing records under the attending system. In contrast to previous research on the functionality of computer-based nursing records, we have emphasized the practical usefulness of nursing records from the viewpoint of the actual implementation of the attending system. We suggested that nurses could design a nursing record dictionary for their convenience, and that doctors and nurses could confirm the definitions that they looked up in the dictionary through negotiations with intelligent agents. Such an agent-based system could facilitate networking among medical institutes. Multi-agent systems are a widely accepted paradigm for the distribution and sharing of computation workloads in the scientific community. Agent-based systems have been developed with differences in functional cooperation, coordination, and negotiation. To increase such communication, a framework for a multi-agent based system is proposed in this study. The agent-based approach is useful for developing a system that promotes trade-offs between transactions involving multiple attributes. A brief summary of our contributions follows. First, we propose an efficient and accurate utility representation and acquisition mechanism based on a preference scale while minimizing user interactions with the agent. Trade-offs between various transaction attributes can also be easily computed. Second, by providing a multi-attribute negotiation framework based on the attribute utility evaluation mechanism, we allow both the doctors in charge and nurses to negotiate over various transaction attributes in the nursing record lists that are defined by the latter. Third, we have designed the architecture of the nursing record management server and a system of agents that provides support to the doctors and nurses with regard to the framework and mechanisms proposed above. A formal protocol has also been developed to create and control the communication required for negotiations. We verified the realization of the system by developing a web-based prototype. The system was implemented using ASP and IIS5.1.
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에이전트기반 개방병원 간호기록시스템 설계에 관한 연구
김경환 (경성대학교 경영정보학과)
개방병원에 환자의 입원을 의뢰한 담당 의사들은 환자들의 상태와 제대로 된 간호서비스를 받고 있는지에 대한 정보를 간호기록을 열람함으로써 확인할 수 있다. 하지만 간호기록은 병원의 내부자료로써 외부기관에 쉽게 공개할 수 없는 자료이고 표준화가 확립되어 있지 않아 병원별로 다르게 작성되고 있어 필요한 정보를 공유하는데 많은 어려움이 따른다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 개방병원 간호기록의 작성과 공유를 지원하기 위한 시스템을 개발하고자 하였다. 본 시스템은 우선 간호기록을 실제로 작성하는 간호사의 편의성을 고려하여 간호기록항목사전을 설정하게 하고 간호사와 의사간의 지능형 에이전트를 이용한 협상으로 작성과 공개의 항목을 확정하도록 하였다. 이 모든 과정은 의료기관간의 네트워킹을 지원할 수 있도록 웹기반시스템으로 설계되었고 실제 구현을 통하여 실현가능성을 확인하였다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Kim, K.-H., , "A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2010), 73~94.

IEEE Style
Kyoung-Hwan Kim, "A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 73~94, 2010.

ACM Style
Kim, K.-H.,, 2010. A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 16, 2, 73--94.
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author = {Kim, Kyoung-Hwan},
title = {A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2010},
volume = {16},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2010},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {73--94},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Nursing Records, Attending System and Agent Based System },
%0 Journal Article
%1 403
%A Kyoung-Hwan Kim
%T A Study on Design of Agent based Nursing Records System in Attending System
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 16
%N 2
%P 73-94
%D 2010
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society