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The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems
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Jae-Won Choi (Graduate School of Information, Yonsei University)
Hong-Joo Lee (Department of Business Administration, The Catholic University of Korea)
Vol. 17, No. 3, Page: 115 ~ 130
Keywords
Recommender Systems, Customer Product Review, Social Presence
Abstract
Many online stores bring features that can build trust in their customers. More so, the number of products or content services on online stores has been increasing rapidly. Hence, personalization on online stores is considered to be an important technology to companies and customers. Recommender systems that provide favorable products and customer product reviews to users are the most commonly used features in this purpose. There are many studies to that investigated the relationship between social presence as an antecedent of trust and provision of recommender systems or customer product reviews. Many online stores have made efforts to increase perceived social presence of their customers through customer reviews, recommender systems, and analyzing associations among products. Primarily because social presence can increase customer trust or reuse intention for online stores. However, there were few studies that investigated the interactions between recommendation type, product type and provision of customer product reviews on social presence. Therefore, one of the purposes of this study is to identify the effects of personalized recommender systems and compare the role of customer reviews with product types. This study performed an experiment to see these interactions. Experimental web pages were developed with $2{\times}2$ 수식 이미지 factorial setting based on how to provide social presence to users with customer reviews and two product types such as hedonic and utilitarian. The hedonic type was a ringtone chosen from Nate.com while the utilitarian was a TOEIC study aid book selected from Yes24.com. To conduct the experiment, web based experiments were conducted for the participants who have been shopping on the online stores. Participants were a total of 240 and 30% of the participants had the chance of getting the presents. We found out that social presence increased for hedonic products when personalized recommendations were given compared to non.personalized recommendations. Although providing customer reviews for two product types did not significantly increase social presence, provision of customer product reviews for hedonic (ringtone) increased perceived social presence. Otherwise, provision of customer product reviews could not increase social presence when the systems recommend utilitarian products (TOEIC study.aid books). Therefore, it appears that the effects of increasing perceived social presence with customer reviews have a difference for product types. In short, the role of customer reviews could be different based on which product types were considered by customers when they are making a decision related to purchasing on the online stores. Additionally, there were no differences for increasing perceived social presence when providing customer reviews. Our participants might have focused on how recommendations had been provided and what products were recommended because our developed systems were providing recommendations after participants rating their preferences. Thus, the effects of customer reviews could appear more clearly if our participants had actual purchase opportunity for the recommendations. Personalized recommender systems can increase social presence of customers more than nonpersonalized recommender systems by using user preference. Online stores could find out how they can increase perceived social presence and satisfaction of their customers when customers want to find the proper products with recommender systems and customer reviews. In addition, the role of customer reviews of the personalized recommendations can be different based on types of the recommended products. Even if this study conducted two product types such as hedonic and utilitarian, the results revealed that customer reviews for hedonic increased social presence of customers more than customer reviews for utilitarian. Thus, online stores need to consider the role of providing customer reviews with highly personalized information based on their product types when they develop the personalized recommender systems.
Show/Hide Detailed Information in Korean
개인화 추천시스템에서 고객 제품 리뷰가 사회적 실재감에 미치는 영향
최재원 (연세대학교 정보대학원)
이홍주 (가톨릭대학교 경영학부)
Abstract
온라인 스토어들은 다양한 방식으로 사용자들에게 신뢰감을 가져다 줄 수 있는 요인들을 제공하려고 한다. 대표적인 방식이 고객이 좋아할 만한 제품의 추천과 고객제품리뷰의 제공이다. 각각의 제공을 통해 신뢰의 선행요인이 되는 사회적 실재감을 향상시킬 수 있다는 연구들이 있어왔다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 추천 상황에 따른 사회적 실재감에 미치는 영향과 추천 상황과 제품군의 유형, 고객제품리뷰의 제공여부에 따라 사회적 실재감의 증가에 미치는 영향을 실험을 통해 분석하였다. 개인화 추천을 통해 사회적 실재감을 증대시킬 수 있었으며, 쾌락재에서는 고객제품리뷰의 제공을 통해 어떤 추천 상황에서든 사회적 실재감이 증대되나 유의한 차이를 보이지는 않았다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Choi, J.-W., and H.-J. Lee, "The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3 (2011), 115~130.

IEEE Style
Jae-Won Choi, and Hong-Joo Lee, "The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 115~130, 2011.

ACM Style
Choi, J.-W., and Lee, H.-J., 2011. The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 17, 3, 115--130.
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@article{Choi:JIIS:2011:454,
author = {Choi, Jae-Won and Lee, Hong-Joo},
title = {The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {September 2011},
volume = {17},
number = {3},
month = Sep,
year = {2011},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {115--130},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Recommender Systems, Customer Product Review and Social Presence },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 454
%A Jae-Won Choi
%A Hong-Joo Lee
%T The Effects of Customer Product Review on Social Presence in Personalized Recommender Systems
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 17
%N 3
%P 115-130
%D 2011
%R
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society