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The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition
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Hyun-Chul Jung (MoGenceLab)
Nam-Jin Kim (MoGenceLab)
Lee-Kwon Choi (MoGenceLab)
Vol. 18, No. 2, Page: 19 ~ 28
Keywords
LBS, GPS, Kinect, Multi-interaction, Multi-interaction, Exhibits
Abstract
After the internet era, we are moving to the ubiquitous society. Nowadays the people are interested in the multimodal interaction technology, which enables audience to naturally interact with the computing environment at the exhibitions such as gallery, museum, and park. Also, there are other attempts to provide additional service based on the location information of the audience, or to improve and deploy interaction between subjects and audience by analyzing the using pattern of the people. In order to provide multimodal interaction service to the audience at the exhibition, it is important to distinguish the individuals and trace their location and route. For the location tracking on the outside, GPS is widely used nowadays. GPS is able to get the real time location of the subjects moving fast, so this is one of the important technologies in the field requiring location tracking service. However, as GPS uses the location tracking method using satellites, the service cannot be used on the inside, because it cannot catch the satellite signal. For this reason, the studies about inside location tracking are going on using very short range communication service such as ZigBee, UWB, RFID, as well as using mobile communication network and wireless lan service. However these technologies have shortcomings in that the audience needs to use additional sensor device and it becomes difficult and expensive as the density of the target area gets higher. In addition, the usual exhibition environment has many obstacles for the network, which makes the performance of the system to fall. Above all these things, the biggest problem is that the interaction method using the devices based on the old technologies cannot provide natural service to the users. Plus the system uses sensor recognition method, so multiple users should equip the devices. Therefore, there is the limitation in the number of the users that can use the system simultaneously. In order to make up for these shortcomings, in this study we suggest a technology that gets the exact location information of the users through the location mapping technology using Wi-Fi and 3d camera of the smartphones. We applied the signal amplitude of access point using wireless lan, to develop inside location tracking system with lower price. AP is cheaper than other devices used in other tracking techniques, and by installing the software to the user's mobile device it can be directly used as the tracking system device. We used the Microsoft Kinect sensor for the 3D Camera. Kinect is equippedwith the function discriminating the depth and human information inside the shooting area. Therefore it is appropriate to extract user's body, vector, and acceleration information with low price. We confirm the location of the audience using the cell ID obtained from the Wi-Fi signal. By using smartphones as the basic device for the location service, we solve the problems of additional tagging device and provide environment that multiple users can get the interaction service simultaneously. 3d cameras located at each cell areas get the exact location and status information of the users. The 3d cameras are connected to the Camera Client, calculate the mapping information aligned to each cells, get the exact information of the users, and get the status and pattern information of the audience. The location mapping technique of Camera Client decreases the error rate that occurs on the inside location service, increases accuracy of individual discrimination in the area through the individual discrimination based on body information, and establishes the foundation of the multimodal interaction technology at the exhibition. Calculated data and information enables the users to get the appropriate interaction service through the main server.
Show/Hide Detailed Information in Korean
전시 공간에서 다중 인터랙션을 위한 개인식별 위치 측위 기술 연구
정현철 (R&D, 모젼스랩㈜)
김남진 (R&D, 모젼스랩㈜)
최이권 (R&D, 모젼스랩㈜)
Abstract
전시 공간에서 관객들의 반응에 따른 다중 인터랙션 서비스를 제공하기 위해서는 관람객의 정확한 위치 및 이동 경로를 얻기 위한 위치 추적 기술이 필요하다. 실외 환경에서 위치 추적을 위한 기술로 GPS가 현재 널리 사용되고 있다. GPS는 빠른 속도로 이동하는 이동체의 위치를 실시간으로 파악할 수 있으므로 위치 추적 서비스(Location Tracking Service)를 요구하는 분야에서 중요한 기술로 활용된다. 하지만 위성을 이용한 위치 추적 기법을 사용하기 때문에 위성 신호를 잡을 수 없는 실내에서는 사용할 수 없다는 단점이 있다(Per Enge et al., 1996). 위와 같은 이유로 Wi-Fi 위치 측위 기술을 비롯하여 ZigBee, UWB, RFID 등의 초단거리 통신 기술 등 다양한 형태의 실내 위치 측위 연구가 진행되고 있다(Schiler and Voisad, 2004). 하지만 이러한 기술들은 전시 공간에서 얻고자 하는 위치정보의 밀도가 높아질수록 구현의 난이도가 높아지고 구축 및 관리 비용도 커지며 구축 가능한 환경이 제약된다는 단점이 있다. 이와 같은 문제를 해결하기 위하여 본 논문에서는 실내 환경에서 스마트폰을 이용한 Wi-Fi 위치 측위 데이터를 기반으로 하여 3D카메라의 Depth Map 정보와의 매핑을 통해 사용자들을 식별하고 위치를 추적하는 시스템을 제안한다.
Cite this article
JIIS(APA) Style
Jung, H.-C., Kim, N.-J., & Choi, L.-K. . (2012). The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, 18(2), 19-28.

IEEE Style
Hyun-Chul Jung, Nam-Jin Kim, and Lee-Kwon Choi, "The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 19~28, 2012.

ACM Style
Jung, H.-C., Kim, N.-J., & Choi, L.-K. ., 2012. The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 18, 2, 19--28.
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@article{Jung:JIIS:2012:488,
author = {Jung, Hyun-Chul and Kim, Nam-Jin and Choi, Lee-Kwon },
title = {The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2012},
volume = {18},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2012},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {19--28},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { LBS, GPS, Kinect, Multi-interaction, Multi-interaction and Exhibits },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 488
%A Hyun-Chul Jung
%A Nam-Jin Kim
%A Lee-Kwon Choi
%T The Individual Discrimination Location Tracking Technology for Multimodal Interaction at the Exhibition
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 18
%N 2
%P 19-28
%D 2012
%R
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society