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Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge
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Kee-Dong Yoo (Division of Management, Dankook University)
Vol. 18, No. 2, Page: 61 ~ 83
Keywords
Ontology-Based Knowledge Map, Referential Navigation, Knowledge Network
Abstract
A knowledge map describes the network of related knowledge into the form of a diagram, and therefore underpins the structure of knowledge categorizing and archiving by defining the relationship of the referential navigation between knowledge. The referential navigation between knowledge means the relationship of cross-referencing exhibited when a piece of knowledge is utilized by a user. To understand the contents of the knowledge, a user usually requires additionally information or knowledge related with each other in the relation of cause and effect. This relation can be expanded as the effective connection between knowledge increases, and finally forms the network of knowledge. A network display of knowledge using nodes and links to arrange and to represent the relationship between concepts can provide a more complex knowledge structure than a hierarchical display. Moreover, it can facilitate a user to infer through the links shown on the network. For this reason, building a knowledge map based on the ontology technology has been emphasized to formally as well as objectively describe the knowledge and its relationships. As the necessity to build a knowledge map based on the structure of the ontology has been emphasized, not a few researches have been proposed to fulfill the needs. However, most of those researches to apply the ontology to build the knowledge map just focused on formally expressing knowledge and its relationships with other knowledge to promote the possibility of knowledge reuse. Although many types of knowledge maps based on the structure of the ontology were proposed, no researches have tried to design and implement the referential navigation-enabled knowledge map. This paper addresses a methodology to build the ontology-based knowledge map enabling the referential navigation between knowledge. The ontology-based knowledge map resulted from the proposed methodology can not only express the referential navigation between knowledge but also infer additional relationships among knowledge based on the referential relationships. The most highlighted benefits that can be delivered by applying the ontology technology to the knowledge map include; formal expression about knowledge and its relationships with others, automatic identification of the knowledge network based on the function of self-inference on the referential relationships, and automatic expansion of the knowledge-base designed to categorize and store knowledge according to the network between knowledge. To enable the referential navigation between knowledge included in the knowledge map, and therefore to form the knowledge map in the format of a network, the ontology must describe knowledge according to the relation with the process and task. A process is composed of component tasks, while a task is activated after any required knowledge is inputted. Since the relation of cause and effect between knowledge can be inherently determined by the sequence of tasks, the referential relationship between knowledge can be circuitously implemented if the knowledge is modeled to be one of input or output of each task. To describe the knowledge with respect to related process and task, the Protege-OWL, an editor that enables users to build ontologies for the Semantic Web, is used. An OWL ontology-based knowledge map includes descriptions of classes (process, task, and knowledge), properties (relationships between process and task, task and knowledge), and their instances. Given such an ontology, the OWL formal semantics specifies how to derive its logical consequences, i.e. facts not literally present in the ontology, but entailed by the semantics. Therefore a knowledge network can be automatically formulated based on the defined relationships, and the referential navigation between knowledge is enabled. To verify the validity of the proposed concepts, two real business process-oriented knowledge maps are exemplified: the knowledge map of the process of 'Business Trip Application' and 'Purchase Management'. By applying the 'DL-Query' provided by the Protege-OWL as a plug-in module, the performance of the implemented ontology-based knowledge map has been examined. Two kinds of queries to check whether the knowledge is networked with respect to the referential relations as well as the ontology-based knowledge network can infer further facts that are not literally described were tested. The test results show that not only the referential navigation between knowledge has been correctly realized, but also the additional inference has been accurately performed.
Show/Hide Detailed Information in Korean
지식 간 상호참조적 네비게이션이 가능한 온톨로지 기반 프로세스 중심 지식지도
유기동 (단국대학교 경상대학 경영학부)
Abstract
지식지도는 관련된 지식의 현황을 네트워크 형식으로 보여주는 일종의 도식으로, 지식 간의 상호참조적 네비게이션 관계를 기초로 하는 지식 분류 및 저장 체계 역할을 한다. 이러한 이유로 인하여 지식 및 이들 지식이 또 다른 지식과 갖는 관계를 네트워크 형식으로 형식적이고 객관적으로 묘사하기 위한 온톨로지 기반 지식지도의 필요성이 대두되어왔다. 본 논문은 지식 간의 상호참조적 네비게이션이 가능한 온톨로지 기반 지식지도를 구현하기 위한 방법론을 제시한다. 제시된 방법론에 의해 구현되는 온톨로지 기반 지식지도는 지식 간의 상호참조적 네비게이션을 가능하게 할 뿐만 아니라 이러한 지식 간 네트워크 관계에 의해 추가적인 지식 간의 관계를 추론할 수 있다. 제시된 개념의 타당성을 검증하기 위하여 두 가지의 실제 비즈니스 프로세스를 기반으로 지식지도를 구현하였고, 구현된 지식지도에 나타나는 지식 간 네트워크 구성의 유효성을 검토하였다.
Cite this article
JIIS(APA) Style
& Yoo, K.-D. (2012). Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, 18(2), 61-83.

IEEE Style
Kee-Dong Yoo, "Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 61~83, 2012.

ACM Style
& Yoo, K.-D., 2012. Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 18, 2, 61--83.
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@article{Yoo:JIIS:2012:491,
author = {Yoo, Kee-Dong},
title = {Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2012},
volume = {18},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2012},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {61--83},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Ontology-Based Knowledge Map, Referential Navigation and Knowledge Network },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 491
%A Kee-Dong Yoo
%T Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 18
%N 2
%P 61-83
%D 2012
%R
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society