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Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System
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Kyoung-June Kim (Korea Health and Welfare Information Service, Incheon National University)
Young-Jin Ham (Korea Health and Welfare Information Service)
Ki-Dong Lee (College of Business Administration, Incheon National University)
Vol. 19, No. 2, Page: 141 ~ 156
10.13088/jiis.2013.19.2.141
Keywords
Local Authority, Welfare Spending, Self-Funded Welfare Service, Welfare Effort, Welfare Effort
Abstract
Researchers in welfare services of local government in Korea have rather been on isolated issues as disables, childcare, aging phenomenon, etc. (Kang, 2004; Jung et al., 2009). Lately, local officials, yet, realize that they need more comprehensive welfare services for all residents, not just for above-mentioned focused groups. Still cases dealt with focused group approach have been a main research stream due to various reason(Jung et al., 2009; Lee, 2009; Jang, 2011).
Social Security Information System is an information system that comprehensively manages 292 welfare benefits provided by 17 ministries and 40 thousand welfare services provided by 230 local authorities in Korea. The purpose of the system is to improve efficiency of social welfare delivery process. The study of local government expenditure has been on the rise over the last few decades after the restarting the local autonomy, but these studies have limitations on data collection.
Measurement of a local government’s welfare efforts(spending) has been primarily on expenditures or budget for an individual, set aside for welfare. This practice of using monetary value for an individual as a “proxy value” for welfare effort(spending) is based on the assumption that expenditure is directly linked to welfare efforts(Lee et al., 2007). This expenditure/budget approach commonly uses total welfare amount or percentage figure as dependent variables (Wildavsky, 1985; Lee et al., 2007; Kang, 2000). However, current practice of using actual amount being used or percentage figure as a dependent variable may have some limitation; since budget or expenditure is greatly influenced by the total budget of a local government, relying on such monetary value may create inflate or deflate the true “welfare effort” (Jang, 2012). In addition, government budget usually contain a large amount of administrative cost, i.e., salary, for local officials, which is highly unrelated to the actual welfare expenditure (Jang, 2011).
This paper used local government welfare service data from the detailed data sets linked to the Social Security Information System. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the factors that affect social welfare spending of 230 local authorities in 2012. The paper applied multiple regression based model to analyze the pooled financial data from the system. Based on the regression analysis, the following factors affecting self-funded welfare spending were identified.
In our research model, we use the welfare budget/total budget(%) of a local government as a true measurement for a local government’s welfare effort(spending). Doing so, we exclude central government subsidies or support being used for local welfare service. It is because central government welfare support does not truly reflect the welfare efforts(spending) of a local.
The dependent variable of this paper is the volume of the welfare spending and the independent variables of the model are comprised of three categories, in terms of socio-demographic perspectives, the local economy and the financial capacity of local government. This paper categorized local authorities into 3 groups, districts, and cities and suburb areas. The model used a dummy variable as the control variable (local political factor). This paper demonstrated that the volume of the welfare spending for the welfare services is commonly influenced by the ratio of welfare budget to total local budget, the population of infants, self-reliance ratio and the level of unemployment factor. Interestingly, the influential factors are different by the size of local government.
Analysis of determinants of local government self-welfare spending, we found a significant effect of local Gov. Finance characteristic in degree of the local government’s financial independence, financial independence rate, rate of social welfare budget, and regional economic in opening-to-application ratio, and sociology of population in rate of infants.
The result means that local authorities should have differentiated welfare strategies according to their conditions and circumstances. There is a meaning that this paper has successfully proven the significant factors influencing welfare spending of local government in Korea.
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지방자치단체 자체 복지사업 지출 영향요인 분석 : 사회보장정보시스템을 통한 접근
김경준 (한국보건복지정보개발원, 인천대학교 경영학과)
함영진 (한국보건복지정보개발원)
이기동 (인천대학교 경영학부)
Abstract
그 동안 한국 사회에서 지방자치단체(이하 지자체) 복지사업과 재정지출에 대한 연구는 장애인, 노인, 보육 등 복지사업 대상 등을 중심으로 부문별 복지지출에 대한 영향요인 연구가 대부분 이루어져 왔다. 최근 지자체의 자체적인 복지노력도 측면에서 자체 사업에 대한 연구가 특정 지역의 사례를 중심으로 이루어지기는 하고 있지만, 자료에 대한 접근과 조사의 한계로 여러 요인이 실증적으로 고려되지 못하여 정책적 함의를 도출해 내기 어려웠다.
현재 우리사회의 복지예산과 그 지출규모는 국가 예산의 30%에 이를 만큼 높은 비중을 차지하고 있다. 이에 따라 국가적 차원에서 공공복지 전달체계의 효율적 운영과 관리를 위해 사회보장 정보시스템을 구축, 운영하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 기존 연구에서 사용하는 지방재정시스템이 아닌 사회보장 정보시스템을 통하여 지자체 복지재정 지출과 관련, 기존 연구에서 한계점으로 지적되었던 전수데이터에 대한 접근과 조사를 실시하여 학문적이고 정책적인 함의를 도출해 내고자 한다.
사회보장정보시스템은 복지전달체계의 효율화를 위해 구축되었으며, 이를 통해 17개 부처 292개 복지사업이 집행되며, 230개 지자체 4만여 개 복지사업의 정보가 관리되고 있다. 이에 따라 본 연구는 사회보장정보시스템을 통해 관리되는 지자체 복지사업을 중심으로 지자체 복지지출에 미치는 영향요인을 탐색하고자 한다. 이를 위해 지자체 복지노력도로 대변되는 순수 시?군?구 복지예산액을 종속변수로 설정하였으며, 기존문헌 검토를 바탕으로 인구사회학적, 지역 경제적 그리고 지자체 재정적 요인을 독립변수로 설정하였다. 또한 독립변수 요인간 다중공선성 문제를 점검하였고, 다중공선성의 문제가 없는 것으로 확인된 수급자 비율, 영유아 비율, 아동청소년 비율, 복지비 비율, 구인배율, 재정자립도, 재정자주도의 총 7개 독립변수와, 소속 정당을 통제변수로 사용하여 결정요인의 변화를 분석하였다. 연구결과를 살펴보면 기본모델에서는 복지비 비율, 영유아 비율, 재정자립도, 재정자주도, 구인배율이 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 그리고 기존 문헌에서 분석되지 못했던 시?군?구별 복지지출 영향요인의 차이점을 분석하였다. 또한 복지예산 총량 데이터에 근거한 기존 연구들이 논의하지 못했던 자체 복지사업 예산에 미치는 영향요인을 구체적으로 밝혀내는데 의의가 있다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Kim, K.-J., Y.-J. Ham, and K.-D. Lee, "Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 19, No. 2 (2013), 141~156.

IEEE Style
Kyoung-June Kim, Young-Jin Ham, and Ki-Dong Lee, "Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 141~156, 2013.

ACM Style
Kim, K.-J., Ham, Y.-J., and Lee, K.-D., 2013. Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 19, 2, 141--156.
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@article{Kim:JIIS:2013:533,
author = {Kim, Kyoung-June and Ham, Young-Jin and Lee, Ki-Dong},
title = {Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2013},
volume = {19},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2013},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {141--156},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2013.19.2.141 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2013.19.2.141},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Local Authority, Welfare Spending, Self-Funded Welfare Service, Welfare Effort and Welfare Effort },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 533
%A Kyoung-June Kim
%A Young-Jin Ham
%A Ki-Dong Lee
%T Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 19
%N 2
%P 141-156
%D 2013
%R 10.13088/jiis.2013.19.2.141
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society