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A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques
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Juyoung An (Dept. of Library and Information Science, College of Liberal Arts, Yonsei University)
Junghwan Bae (Dept. of Library and Information Science, College of Liberal Arts, Yonsei University)
Namgi Han (Dept. of Library and Information Science, College of Liberal Arts, Yonsei University)
Song Min (Associate Professor, Dept. of Library and Information Science, College of Liberal Arts, Yonsei University)
Vol. 21, No. 2, Page: 69 ~ 92
10.13088/jiis.2015.21.2.69
Keywords
Emotion Trigger, Word2Vec, Sentimental Analysis, Text Mining, Social Issues
Abstract
The explosion of social media data has led to apply text–mining techniques to analyze big social media data in a more rigorous manner. Even if social media text analysis algorithms were improved, previous approaches to social media text analysis have some limitations. In the field of sentiment analysis of social media written in Korean, there are two typical approaches. One is the linguistic approach using machine learning, which is the most common approach. Some studies have been conducted by adding grammatical factors to feature sets for training classification model. The other approach adopts the semantic analysis method to sentiment analysis, but this approach is mainly applied to English texts. To overcome these limitations, this study applies the Word2Vec algorithm which is an extension of the neural network algorithms to deal with more extensive semantic features that were underestimated in existing sentiment analysis. The result from adopting the Word2Vec algorithm is compared to the result from co-occurrence analysis to identify the difference between two approaches. The results show that the distribution related word extracted by Word2Vec algorithm in that the words represent some emotion about the keyword used are three times more than extracted by co-occurrence analysis. The reason of the difference between two results comes from Word2Vec’s semantic features vectorization. Therefore, it is possible to say that Word2Vec algorithm is able to catch the hidden related words which have not been found in traditional analysis. In addition, Part Of Speech (POS) tagging for Korean is used to detect adjective as "emotional word" in Korean. In addition, the emotion words extracted from the text are converted into word vector by the Word2Vec algorithm to find related words. Among these related words, noun words are selected because each word of them would have causal relationship with “emotional word” in the sentence. The process of extracting these trigger factor of emotional word is named “Emotion Trigger” in this study. As a case study, the datasets used in the study are collected by searching using three keywords: professor, prosecutor, and doctor in that these keywords contain rich public emotion and opinion. Advanced data collecting was conducted to select secondary keywords for data gathering. The secondary keywords for each keyword used to gather the data to be used in actual analysis are followed: Professor (sexual assault, misappropriation of research money, recruitment irregularities, polifessor), Doctor (Shin hae-chul sky hospital, drinking and plastic surgery, rebate) Prosecutor (lewd behavior, sponsor). The size of the text data is about to 100,000(Professor: 25720, Doctor: 35110, Prosecutor: 43225) and the data are gathered from news, blog, and twitter to reflect various level of public emotion into text data analysis. As a visualization method, Gephi (http://gephi.github.io) was used and every program used in text processing and analysis are java coding. The contributions of this study are as follows: First, different approaches for sentiment analysis are integrated to overcome the limitations of existing approaches. Secondly, finding Emotion Trigger can detect the hidden connections to public emotion which existing method cannot detect. Finally, the approach used in this study could be generalized regardless of types of text data. The limitation of this study is that it is hard to say the word extracted by Emotion Trigger processing has significantly causal relationship with emotional word in a sentence. The future study will be conducted to clarify the causal relationship between emotional words and the words extracted by Emotion Trigger by comparing with the relationships manually tagged. Furthermore, the text data used in Emotion Trigger are twitter, so the data have a number of distinct features which we did not deal with in this study. These features will be considered in further study.
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텍스트 마이닝을 이용한 감정 유발 요인 ‘Emotion Trigger’에 관한 연구
안주영 (연세대학교 문과대학 문헌정보학과)
배정환 (연세대학교 문과대학 문헌정보학과)
한남기 (연세대학교 문과대학 문헌정보학과)
송민 (연세대학교 문과대학 문헌정보학과 부교수)
Keywords
감정 유발 요인, Word2Vec, 감성분석, 텍스트 마이닝, 소셜 이슈
Abstract
최근 소셜 미디어의 사용이 폭발적으로 증가함에 따라 이용자가 직접 생성하는 방대한 데이터를 분석하기 위한 다양한 텍스트 마이닝(text mining) 기법들에 대한 연구가 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 이에 따라 텍스트 분석을 위한 알고리듬(algorithm)의 정확도와 수준 역시 높아지고 있으나, 특히 감성 분석(sentimental analysis)의 영역에서 언어의 문법적 요소만을 적용하는데 그쳐 화용론적·의미론적 요소를 고려하지 못한다는 한계를 지닌다. 본 연구는 이러한 한계를 보완하기 위해 기존의 알고리듬 보다 의미 자질을 폭 넓게 고려할 수 있는 Word2Vec 기법을 적용하였다. 또한 한국어 품사 중 형용사를 감정을 표현하는 ‘감정어휘’로 분류하고, Word2Vec 모델을 통해 추출된 감정어휘의 연관어 중 명사를 해당 감정을 유발하는 요인이라고 정의하여 이 전체 과정을 ‘Emotion Trigger'라 명명하였다. 본 연구는 사례 연구(case study)로 사회적 이슈가 된 세 직업군(교수, 검사, 의사)의 특정 사건들을 연구 대상으로 선정하고, 이 사건들에 대한 대중들의 인식에 대해 분석하고자 한다. 특정 사건들에 대한 일반 여론과 직접적으로 표출된 개인 의견 모두를 고려하기 위하여 뉴스(news), 블로그(blog), 트위터(twitter)를 데이터 수집 대상으로 선정하였고, 수집된 데이터는 유의미한 연구 결과를 보여줄 수 있을 정도로 그 규모가 크며, 추후 다양한 연구가 가능한 시계열(time series) 데이터이다. 본 연구의 의의는 키워드(keyword)간의 관계를 밝힘에 있어, 기존 감성 분석의 한계를 극복하기 위해 Word2Vec 기법을 적용하여 의미론적 요소를 결합했다는 점이다. 그 과정에서 감정을 유발하는 Emotion Trigger를 찾아낼 수 있었으며, 이는 사회적 이슈에 대한 일반 대중의 반응을 파악하고, 그 원인을 찾아 사회적 문제를 해결하는데 도움이 될 수 있을 것이다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
An, J., J. Bae, N. Han, and S. Min, "A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2 (2015), 69~92.

IEEE Style
Juyoung An, Junghwan Bae, Namgi Han, and Song Min, "A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 69~92, 2015.

ACM Style
An, J., Bae, J., Han, N., and Min, S., 2015. A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 21, 2, 69--92.
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@article{An:JIIS:2015:613,
author = {An, Juyoung and Bae, Junghwan and Han, Namgi and Min, Song},
title = {A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2015},
volume = {21},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2015},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {69--92},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2015.21.2.69 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2015.21.2.69},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Emotion Trigger, Word2Vec, Sentimental Analysis, Text Mining and Social Issues },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 613
%A Juyoung An
%A Junghwan Bae
%A Namgi Han
%A Song Min
%T A Study of 'Emotion Trigger' by Text Mining Techniques
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 21
%N 2
%P 69-92
%D 2015
%R 10.13088/jiis.2015.21.2.69
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society