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A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce
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Seung Hoon Chae (Department of e-Business, Ajou University)
Jay Ick Lim (Department of e-Business, Ajou University)
Juyoung Kang (Department of e-Business, Ajou University)
Vol. 21, No. 4, Page: 53 ~ 77
10.13088/jiis.2015.21.4.053
Keywords
User review, LDA topic modeling, sentimental analysis, Co-occurrence analysis, Social commerce, Open market, Mobile commerce
Abstract
Mobile commerce provides a convenient shopping experience in which users can buy products without the constraints of time and space. Mobile commerce has already set off a mega trend in Korea. The market size is estimated at approximately 15 trillion won (KRW) for 2015, thus far. In the Korean market, social commerce and open market are key components. Social commerce has an overwhelming open market in terms of the number of users in the Korean mobile commerce market. From the point of view of the industry, quick market entry, and content curation are considered to be the major success factors, reflecting the rapid growth of social commerce in the market. However, academics' empirical research and analysis to prove the success rate of social commerce is still insufficient. Henceforward, it is to be expected that social commerce and the open market in the Korean mobile commerce will compete intensively. So it is important to conduct an empirical analysis to prove the differences in user experience between social commerce and open market.
This paper is an exploratory study that shows a comparative analysis of social commerce and the open market regarding user experience, which is based on the mobile users' reviews. Firstly, this study includes a collection of approximately 10,000 user reviews of social commerce and open market listed Google play. A collection of mobile user reviews were classified into topics, such as perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use through LDA topic modeling. Then, a sentimental analysis and co-occurrence analysis on the topics of perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use was conducted. The study's results demonstrated that social commerce users have a more positive experience in terms of service usefulness and convenience versus open market in the mobile commerce market. Social commerce has provided positive user experiences to mobile users in terms of service areas, like ‘delivery,’ ‘coupon,’ and ‘discount,’ while open market has been faced with user complaints in terms of technical problems and inconveniences like ‘login error,’ ‘view details,’ and ‘stoppage.’ This result has shown that social commerce has a good performance in terms of user service experience, since the aggressive marketing campaign conducted and there have been investments in building logistics infrastructure. However, the open market still has mobile optimization problems, since the open market in mobile commerce still has not resolved user complaints and inconveniences from technical problems.
This study presents an exploratory research method used to analyze user experience by utilizing an empirical approach to user reviews. In contrast to previous studies, which conducted surveys to analyze user experience, this study was conducted by using empirical analysis that incorporates user reviews for reflecting users' vivid and actual experiences. Specifically, by using an LDA topic model and TAM this study presents its methodology, which shows an analysis of user reviews that are effective due to the method of dividing user reviews into service areas and technical areas from a new perspective. The methodology of this study has not only proven the differences in user experience between social commerce and open market, but also has provided a deep understanding of user experience in Korean mobile commerce. In addition, the results of this study have important implications on social commerce and open market by proving that user insights can be utilized in establishing competitive and groundbreaking strategies in the market.
The limitations and research direction for follow-up studies are as follows. In a follow-up study, it will be required to design a more elaborate technique of the text analysis. This study could not clearly refine the user reviews, even though the ones online have inherent typos and mistakes. This study has proven that the user reviews are an invaluable source to analyze user experience. The methodology of this study can be expected to further expand comparative research of services using user reviews. Even at this moment, users around the world are posting their reviews about service experiences after using the mobile game, commerce, and messenger applications.
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사용자 리뷰를 통한 소셜커머스와 오픈마켓의 이용경험 비교분석
채승훈 (아주대학교 e-비즈니스학과)
임재익 (아주대학교 e-비즈니스학과)
강주영 (아주대학교 e-비즈니스학과)
Keywords
사용자 리뷰, 모바일 커머스, LDA 토픽모델링, 감정분석, 동시출현단어 분석, 소셜커머스, 오픈마켓
Abstract
국내 모바일 커머스 시장은 현재 소셜커머스가 이용자 수 측면에서 오픈마켓을 압도하고 있는 상황이다. 산업계에서는 모바일 시장에서 소셜커머스의 성장에 대해 빠른 모바일 시장진입, 큐레이션 모델 등을 주요 성공요인으로 제시하고 있지만, 이에 대한 학계의 실증적인 연구 및 분석은 아직 미미한 상황이다. 본 연구에서는 사용자 리뷰를 바탕으로 모바일 소셜커머스와 오픈마켓의 사용자 이용경험을 비교 분석하는 탐험적인 연구를 수행하였다. 먼저 본 연구는 구글 플레이에 등록된 국내 소셜커머스 주요 3개 업체와 오픈마켓 주요 3개 업체의 모바일 앱 리뷰를 수집하였다. 본 연구는 LDA 토픽모델링을 통해 1만여건에 달하는 모바일 소셜커머스와 오픈마켓 사용자 리뷰를 지각된 유용성과 지각된 편리성 토픽으로 분류한 뒤 감정분석과 동시출현단어분석을 수행하였다. 이를 통해 본 연구는 국내 모바일 커머스 상에서 오픈마켓 이용자들에 비해 소셜커머스 이용자들이 서비스와 이용편리성 측면에서 더 긍정적인 경험을 하고 있음을 증명하였다. 소셜커머스는 ‘배송’, ‘쿠폰’, ‘할인’을 중심으로 서비스 측면에서 이용자들에게 긍정적인 이용경험을 이끌어내고 있는 반면, 오픈마켓의 경우 ‘로그인 안됨’, ‘상세보기 불편’, ‘멈춤’ 과 같은 기술적 문제 및 불편으로 인한 이용자 불만이 높았다. 이와 같이 본 연구는 사용자 리뷰를 통해 서비스 이용경험을 효과적으로 비교 분석할 수 있는 탐험적인 실증연구법을 제시하였다. 구체적으로 본 연구는 LDA 토픽모델링과 기술수용모형을 통해 사용자 리뷰를 서비스와 기술 토픽으로 분류하여 효과적으로 분석할 수 있는 새로운 방법을 제시하였다는 점에서 의의가 있다. 또한 본 연구의 결과는 향후 소셜커머스와 오픈마켓의 경쟁 및 벤치마킹 전략에 중요하게 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Chae, S. H., J. I. Lim, and J. Kang, "A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 21, No. 4 (2015), 53~77.

IEEE Style
Seung Hoon Chae, Jay Ick Lim, and Juyoung Kang, "A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 53~77, 2015.

ACM Style
Chae, S. H., Lim, J. I., and Kang, J., 2015. A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 21, 4, 53--77.
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@article{Chae:JIIS:2015:631,
author = {Chae, Seung Hoon and Lim, Jay Ick and Kang, Juyoung},
title = {A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {December 2015},
volume = {21},
number = {4},
month = Dec,
year = {2015},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {53--77},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2015.21.4.053 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2015.21.4.053},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { User review, LDA topic modeling, sentimental analysis, Co-occurrence analysis, Social commerce, Open market and Mobile commerce },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 631
%A Seung Hoon Chae
%A Jay Ick Lim
%A Juyoung Kang
%T A Comparative Analysis of Social Commerce and Open Market Using User Reviews in Korean Mobile Commerce
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 21
%N 4
%P 53-77
%D 2015
%R 10.13088/jiis.2015.21.4.053
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society