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New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox
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Eunyoung Cheon (Creative Technology Management, Techno-Art Division, Underwood International College, Yonsei University)
Yong-Tae Park (Dept. of MIS, College of Business Administration, University of Ulsan)
Vol. 23, No. 4, Page: 33 ~ 56
10.13088/jiis.2017.23.4.033
Keywords
Mobile location-based service(LBS), service customization, personal innovativeness, information service quality, privacy concerns
Abstract
As Internet usage is becoming more common worldwide and smartphone become necessity in daily life, technologies and applications related to mobile Internet are developing rapidly. The results of the Internet usage patterns of consumers around the world imply that there are many potential new business opportunities for mobile Internet technologies and applications. The location-based service (LBS) is a service based on the location information of the mobile device. LBS has recently gotten much attention among many mobile applications and various LBSs are rapidly developing in numerous categories. However, even with the development of LBS related technologies and services, there is still a lack of empirical research on the intention to use LBS. The application of previous researches is limited because they focused on the effect of one particular factor and had not shown the direct relationship on the intention to use LBS. Therefore, this study presents a research model of factors that affect the intention to use and actual use of LBS whose market is expected to grow rapidly, and tested it by conducting a questionnaire survey of 330 users. The results of data analysis showed that service customization, service quality, and personal innovativeness have a positive effect on the intention to use LBS and the intention to use LBS has a positive effect on the actual use of LBS. These results implies that LBS providers can enhance the user’s intention to use LBS by offering service customization through the provision of various LBSs based on users’ needs, improving information service qualities such as accuracy, timeliness, sensitivity, and reliability, and encouraging personal innovativeness. However, privacy concerns in the context of LBS are not significantly affected by service customization and personal innovativeness and privacy concerns do not significantly affect the intention to use LBS. In fact, the information related to users’ location collected by LBS is less sensitive when compared with the information that is used to perform financial transactions. Therefore, such outcomes on privacy concern are revealed. In addition, the advantages of using LBS are more important than the sensitivity of privacy protection to the users who use LBS than to the users who use information systems such as electronic commerce that involves financial transactions. Therefore, LBS are recommended to be treated differently from other information systems. This study is significant in the theoretical point of contribution that it proposed factors affecting the intention to use LBS in a multi-faceted perspective, proved the proposed research model empirically, brought new insights on LBS, and broadens understanding of the intention to use and actual use of LBS. Also, the empirical results of the customization of LBS affecting the user's intention to use the LBS suggest that the provision of customized LBS services based on the usage data analysis through utilizing technologies such as artificial intelligence can enhance the user’s intention to use. In a practical point of view, the results of this study are expected to help LBS providers to develop a competitive strategy for responding to LBS users effectively and lead to the LBS market grows. We expect that there will be differences in using LBSs depending on some factors such as types of LBS, whether it is free of charge or not, privacy policies related to LBS, the levels of reliability related application and technology, the frequency of use, etc. Therefore, if we can make comparative studies with those factors, it will contribute to the development of the research areas of LBS. We hope this study can inspire many researchers and initiate many great researches in LBS fields.
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모바일 위치기반서비스(LBS) 관련한 새로운 견해: 서비스사용으로 이끄는 요인들과 사생활염려의 모순
천은영 (연세대학교 언더우드국제대학(UIC) 테크노아트학부 창의기술경영)
박용태 (울산대학교 경영대학 경영정보학과)
Keywords
모바일 위치기반서비스(LBS), 서비스 맞춤화, 개인적 혁신성, 서비스품질, 사생활보호염려
Abstract
위치기반서비스는 이동기기의 위치정보를 바탕으로 한 향상된 서비스로 최근 스마트폰을 활용한 모바일 응용프로그램에서 부각되고 있다. 하지만 이와 관련한 기술 및 서비스 개발에 비해 위치기반서비스의 사용의도에관한 실증연구는 아직까지 부족하다. 또한 선행연구들은 어느 한 요인을 중심으로 단편적으로 수행되었으며 사용의도와의 직접적인 영향 관계에 대해 제시하지 못한 한계점을 가지고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 빠른 성장이 기대되는 위치기반서비스 시장에서 위치기반서비스 사용자의 위치기반서비스 수용의도 및 사용에 영향을 미치는요인들에 관한 모델을 제시하였고 330명을 대상으로 하여 설문조사를 실시하여 이를 조사하였다. 자료를 분석한 결과 서비스 맞춤화, 서비스 품질과 개인적 혁신성은 위치기반서비스의 사용의도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치며사용의도는 실제사용에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 하지만 위치기반서비스의 맥락 하에 서비스맞춤화와 개인적 혁신성은 사생활보호염려에 영향을 미치지 않으며 사생활보호염려는 위치기반서비스 사용의도에도 영향을 주지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 실제로 위치기반서비스에서 사용자에게 요구되는 정보는 위치에 관한 정보로 금융거래에 관련한 정보에 비해 민감하지 않기 때문에 이러한 결과가 나왔다고 추측할 수 있으면 위치기반서비스 사용자들은 전자상거래와 같은 정보시스템 사용자들에 비해 사생활보호에 대해서 예민하게 받아들이기 보다는 위치기반서비스 사용의 이점을 더 중시한다고 이해할 수 있다. 위치기반서비스의 맞춤화가 사용자의 사용의도에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다는 실증적 결과는 인공지능 등의 기술을 활용하여 사용자의 위치기반서비스 사용 패턴을 분석함으로써 사용자의 정보수요 특성을 효과적으로 충족시켜줄 수 있는 맞춤화된 서비스의 제공으로 사용자의 사용의도를 강화시킬 수 있음을 시사하고 있다. 본 연구는 모바일 위치기반서비스 사용자의 사용의도와 실제사용에 미치는 요인들을 새롭게 다면적인 측면에서 실증적으로 조사하여 위치기반서비스와 관련하여 새로운 쟁점을 제시했으며 위치기반서비스 사용자의 사용의도와 실제사용에 대한 이해의 폭을 넓혔다는 점에서 의의가 있다. 또한 본 연구의 결과는 위치기반서비스 시장의 성장과 사용자들에 대한 효과적 대응 전략을 수립하는데 도움이 될 것으로 기대된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Cheon, E., and Y.-T. Park, "New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 23, No. 4 (2017), 33~56.

IEEE Style
Eunyoung Cheon, and Yong-Tae Park, "New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 33~56, 2017.

ACM Style
Cheon, E., and Park, Y.-T., 2017. New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 23, 4, 33--56.
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@article{Cheon:JIIS:2017:704,
author = {Cheon, Eunyoung and Park, Yong-Tae},
title = {New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {December 2017},
volume = {23},
number = {4},
month = Dec,
year = {2017},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {33--56},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2017.23.4.033 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2017.23.4.033},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Mobile location-based service(LBS), service customization, personal innovativeness, information service quality and privacy concerns },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 704
%A Eunyoung Cheon
%A Yong-Tae Park
%T New Insights on Mobile Location-based Services(LBS): Leading Factors to the Use of Services and Privacy Paradox
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 23
%N 4
%P 33-56
%D 2017
%R 10.13088/jiis.2017.23.4.033
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society