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A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing
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Seong Jeong Yoon (School of Business Administration Kyunghee University)
Min Young Kim (School of Business Administration Kyunghee University)
Vol. 24, No. 3, Page: 135 ~ 155
10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.135
Keywords
Interpretation level, Message Framing, Autonomous Driving Car, 4th industrial revolution, Intention to use
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyze the difference of interpretation level and intention to use message framing when autonomous vehicle, which is emerging as the product of 4th industrial revolution, is used as taxi, Interpretation level refers to the interpretation of a product or service, assuming that it will happen in the near future or in the distant future. Message framing refers to the formation of positive or negative expressions or messages at the extremes of benefits and losses. In other words, previous studies interpret the value of a product or service differently according to these two concepts. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are differences in intention to use when two concepts are applied when an autonomous vehicle is launched as a taxi. The results are summarized as follows: First, the message format explaining the gain and why should be used when using the autonomous taxi in the message framing configuration, and the loss and how when the autonomous taxi is not used. Messages were constructed and compared. The two message framing differed (t = 3.063), and the message type describing the benefits and reasons showed a higher intention to use. In addition, the results according to interpretation level are summarized as follows. There was a difference in intentions to use when assuming that it would occur in the near future and in the near future with respect to the gain and loss, Respectively. In summary, in order to increase the intention of using autonomous taxis, it is concluded that messages should be given to people assuming positive messages (Gain) and what can happen in the distant future. In addition, this study will be able to utilize the research method in studying intention to use new technology. However, this study has the following limitations. First, it assumes message framing and time without user experience of autonomous taxi. This will be different from the actual experience of using an autonomous taxi in the future. Second, self-driving cars should technical progress is continuing, but laws and institutions must be established in order to commercialize it and build the infrastructure to operate the autonomous car. Considering this fact, the results of this study can not reflect a more realistic aspect. However, there is a practical limit to search for users with sufficient experience in new technologies such as autonomous vehicles. In fact, although the autonomous car to take advantage of the public transportation by taxi is now ready for the road infrastructure, and technical and legal public may not be willing to choose to not have enough knowledge to use the Autonomous cab. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is that by assuming that autonomous cars will be commercialized by taxi you can do to take advantage of the autonomous car, it is necessary to frame the message, why can most effectively be used to find how to deliver. In addition, the research methodology should be improved and future research should be done as follows. First, most students responded in this study. It is also true that it is difficult to generalize the hypotheses to be tested in this study. Therefore, in future studies, it would be reasonable to investigate the population of various distribution considering the age, area, occupation, education level, etc. Where autonomous taxi can be used rather than those who can drive. Second, it is desirable to construct various message framing of the questionnaire, but it is necessary to learn various message framing in advance and to prevent errors in response to the next message framing. Therefore, it is desirable to measure the message framing with a certain amount of time when the questionnaire is designed.
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해석수준과 메시지 프레이밍에 따른 자율주행택시의 사용의도에 관한 연구
윤승정 (경희대학교 경영학과)
김민용 (경희대학교 경영학과)
Keywords
해석수준, 메시지 프레이밍, 자율주행차, 4차 산업혁명, 사용의도
Abstract
본 연구는 최근 4차산업 혁명의 산물로 대두되고 있는 자율주행차가 대중교통 수단인 택시로 이용될 때 해석수준과 메시지 프레이밍에 따른 사용 의도의 차이를 분석하는 것이다. 해석수준이란 가까운 미래에 발생한 일과 먼 미래에 발생할 일을 가정하여 어떤 제품이나 서비스를 해석하는 것이 다르다는 것을 말한다. 메시지프레이밍이란 긍정 혹은 부정의 표현 또는 혜택, 손실의 양극단의 메시지를 구성한 것을 말한다. 즉, 기존연구에서는 이 두 개념에 따라 제품이나 서비스의 가치를 다르게 해석한다고 한다. 본 연구는 자율주행차가 택시로출시될 때 두 개념을 적용할 경우 사용 의도의 차이를 보이는지 살펴보고자 한다. 결과를 요약하면 우선, 메시지 프레이밍 구성에서 자율주행 택시를 이용할 경우 혜택(Gain)과 왜(Why) 사용해야 하는지를 설명한 메시지형식과 자율주행 택시를 이용하지 않았을 경우 손실(Loss)와 어떻게(How)를 강조한 메시지를 구성하여 비교해보았다. 두 메시지 프레이밍은 차이를 보였으며(t= 3.063) 혜택(Gain)과 왜(Why)를 설명한 메시지 형태가 더 높은 사용 의도를 보였다. 또한, 해석수준에 따른 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 혜택(Gain) 및 손실(Loss)에 대한 먼 미래와 가까운 미래에 발생할 것을 가정한 경우 사용 의도에 차이가 있었으며, 구체적으로 혜택(Gain)을 설명한 메시지와 먼 미래에 발생할 것을 가정한 경우가 사용 의도가 높았다. 요약하면 자율주행 택시의 사용 의도를 높이기 위해서는 긍정의 메시지(Gain)와 먼 미래에 일어날 수 있는 것을 가정하여 사람들에게 메시지를 전달해야 한다는 결론이다. 또한, 본 연구를 통하여 향후 신기술의 출현에 대한 사용 의도 연구 시 연구방법을 활용할 수 있을 것이다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Yoon, S. J., and M. Y. Kim, "A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018), 135~155.

IEEE Style
Seong Jeong Yoon, and Min Young Kim, "A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 135~155, 2018.

ACM Style
Yoon, S. J., and Kim, M. Y., 2018. A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 24, 3, 135--155.
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@article{Yoon:JIIS:2018:741,
author = {Yoon, Seong Jeong and Kim, Min Young},
title = {A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {September 2018},
volume = {24},
number = {3},
month = Sep,
year = {2018},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {135--155},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.135 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.135},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Interpretation level, Message Framing, Autonomous Driving Car, 4th industrial revolution and Intention to use },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 741
%A Seong Jeong Yoon
%A Min Young Kim
%T A Study on the Construal Level and Intention of Autonomous Driving Taxi According to Message Framing
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 24
%N 3
%P 135-155
%D 2018
%R 10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.135
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society