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A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field
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Seung-Mi Ryu (Department of Technology Management, Korea University of Technology and Education)
Tae-Eung Sung (Department of Computer and Telecommunications Engineering, College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University)
Vol. 24, No. 3, Page: 177 ~ 198
10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.177
Keywords
Web-based Evaluation System, Water Resource Fields, Public Interest-based Technology, Technology Valuation, Evaluation of Research and Development Performance, Technology Assessment, Cost Benefit Analysis
Abstract
Recently, as economic property it has become necessary to acquire and utilize the framework for water resource measurement and performance management as the property of water resources changes to hold “public property”. To date, the evaluation of water technology has been carried out by feasibility study analysis or technology assessment based on net present value (NPV) or benefit-to-cost (B/C) effect, however it is not yet systemized in terms of valuation models to objectively assess an economic value of technology-based business to receive diffusion and feedback of research outcomes. Therefore, K-water (known as a government-supported public company in Korea) company feels the necessity to establish a technology valuation framework suitable for technical characteristics of water resources fields in charge and verify an exemplified case applied to the technology.
The K-water evaluation technology applied to this study, as a public interest goods, can be used as a tool to measure the value and achievement contributed to society and to manage them. Therefore, by calculating the value in which the subject technology contributed to the entire society as a public resource, we make use of it as a basis information for the advertising medium of performance on the influence effect of the benefits or the necessity of cost input, and then secure the legitimacy for large-scale R&D cost input in terms of the characteristics of public technology. Hence, K-water company, one of the public corporation in Korea which deals with public goods of ‘water resources’, will be able to establish a commercialization strategy for business operation and prepare for a basis for the performance calculation of input R&D cost.
In this study, K-water has developed a web-based technology valuation model for public interest type water resources based on the technology evaluation system that is suitable for the characteristics of a technology in water resources fields. In particular, by utilizing the evaluation methodology of the Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japan to match the expense items to the expense accounts based on the related benefit items, we proposed the so-called ‘K-water's proprietary model’ which involves the ‘cost-benefit’ approach and the FCF (Free Cash Flow), and ultimately led to build a pipeline on the K-water research performance management system and then verify the practical case of a technology related to "desalination".
We analyze the embedded design logic and evaluation process of web-based valuation system that reflects characteristics of water resources technology, reference information and database(D/B)-associated logic for each model to calculate public interest-based and profit-based technology values in technology integrated management system . We review the hybrid evaluation module that reflects the quantitative index of the qualitative evaluation indices reflecting the unique characteristics of water resources and the visualized user-interface (UI) of the actual web-based evaluation, which both are appended for calculating the business value based on financial data to the existing web-based technology valuation systems in other fields.
K-water's technology valuation model is evaluated by distinguishing between public-interest type and profitable-type water technology. First, evaluation modules in profit-type technology valuation model are designed based on ‘profitability of technology’. For example, the technology inventory K-water holds has a number of profit-oriented technologies such as water treatment membranes. On the other hand, the public interest-type technology valuation is designed to evaluate the public-interest oriented technology such as the dam, which reflects the characteristics of public benefits and costs.
In order to examine the appropriateness of the cost-benefit based public utility valuation model (i.e.
K-water specific technology valuation model) presented in this study, we applied to practical cases from calculation of benefit-to-cost analysis on water resource technology with 20 years of lifetime. In future we will additionally conduct verifying the K-water public utility-based valuation model by each business model which reflects various business environmental characteristics.
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수자원 분야 공익형 기술가치평가 시스템에대한 연구
류승미 (한국기술교육대학교 기술경영학과)
성태응 (연세대학교 과학기술대학 컴퓨터정보통신공학부)
Keywords
웹기반 평가시스템, 수자원 분야, 공익형 기술, 기술가치평가 시스템, 연구성과평가, 기술평가, 비용편익 분석
Abstract
최근 경제재로서 수자원(Water Resources)의 속성이 공공재 성격을 동시에 띠면서 수자원기술의 측정과 성과관리 체계를 확보하고 활용해야 할 필요성이 제기되고 있다. 그 동안 수자원기술의 평가는 대부분 순현재가치(NPV)나 비용편익효과(B/C)를 바탕으로 경제성 평가(Feasibility Study) 혹은 기술(환경)영향평가(Technology Assessment)로 수행되어 왔으며, 연구성과의 확산과 피드백을 받을 수 있는 기술 기반 사업의 경제적 가치를 객관적으로 평가하는 모델은 체계화되지 않았다. 그리하여, 본 연구에서는 K-water(한국수자원공사)가 담당하고있는 수자원분야의 기술적 특성에 적합한 기술평가 체계를 구축할 필요성을 느끼고, 공익형 수자원기술에 대한기술가치평가 모델을 개발하여 사례를 실증하고자 한다.
본 연구에 적용된 K-water 평가대상기술은 공공재로서, 사회전반에 기여한 가치 및 성과를 측정하고 관리할 수 있는 도구로 활용 가능하다. 예를 들면, 사회전반에 기여한 가치를 산출하여, 편익의 파급효과에 대한성과 홍보자료, 혹은 비용 투입 당위성에 대한 근거자료로 활용할 수 있고, 공공기술의 특성상 대규모 연구개발 투입 비용에 대한 정당성을 확보할 수 있다. 따라서, 공공재를 다루는 한국의 대표적 공기업인 K-water 가 사업 운영상의 전략을 수립하고 투입개발 비용에 대한 성과산출 근거 기반을 구축할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
본 고에서는 K-water가 담당하고 있는 수자원분야의 기술적 특성에 적합한 기술평가 체계를 기반으로, 공익형 수자원기술에 대한 기술가치평가 모델을 개발하여 사례를 실증하였다. 특히, 일본 산업기술종합연구소(AIST)의 평가방법론을 활용하여 연관 편익항목을 기준으로 비용계정에 매칭시킨 후, 기존의 비용-편익 접근법과 FCF(Free Cash Flow)법의 평가체계를 활용하는 ‘K-water 고유모델’을 제시하였으며 이를 통해 K-water 연구성과 관리체계 상의 파이프라인을 구축하는 동시에 “해수담수화” 관련 기술에 대한 검증을 수행하였다.
수자원 분야 기술의 특성을 반영한 웹기반 가치평가시스템의 설계 구성로직과 평가프로세스를 분석하며, 기술통합관리시스템 상의 공익형 및 수익형 기술가치를 산출하기 위한 각 모델별 참조정보 및 DB 연계로직도 살펴본다. 종래의 타 분야 기술가치평가 시스템이 지닌 재무적 데이터 기반의 사업가치 산출로직에 수자원 특성이 반영된 정성평가지표의 정량화 지수를 함께 반영한 하이브리드형 평가모듈과 실제 웹기반 평가의 UI 구성화면을 검토한다.
K-water의 가치평가 모형은 공익형과 수익형 수자원 기술을 구분하여 평가하게 되는데, 먼저 수익형 기술가치평가는 “기술의 경제성”이라고 하는 특성상 외부 산업유형의 수익(Profit)특성을 반영하여 화면을 설계 가능하다. 예를 들어 K-water 기술인벤토리 수도부문 기술은 수처리 멤브레인과 같이 수익 지향 기술이 다수 분포된다. 반면에, 공익형 기술가치평가는 공공의 편익(Benefit)과 비용(Cost)특성을 반영하여 화면을 설계하게 되는데, 댐과 같이 편익을 지향하는 기술을 평가하는데 활용된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Ryu, S.-M., and T.-E. . Sung, "A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018), 177~198.

IEEE Style
Seung-Mi Ryu, and Tae-Eung Sung, "A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 177~198, 2018.

ACM Style
Ryu, S.-M., and Sung, T.-E. ., 2018. A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 24, 3, 177--198.
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@article{Ryu:JIIS:2018:743,
author = {Ryu, Seung-Mi and Sung, Tae-Eung },
title = {A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {September 2018},
volume = {24},
number = {3},
month = Sep,
year = {2018},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {177--198},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.177 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.177},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Web-based Evaluation System, Water Resource Fields, Public Interest-based Technology, Technology Valuation, Evaluation of Research and Development Performance, Technology Assessment and Cost Benefit Analysis
},
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 743
%A Seung-Mi Ryu
%A Tae-Eung Sung
%T A Study on Public Interest-based Technology Valuation Models in Water Resources Field
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 24
%N 3
%P 177-198
%D 2018
%R 10.13088/jiis.2018.24.3.177
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society