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Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning
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Sung Hyun Kim (National Information Society Agency)
Joon Ki Choi (Platform Business Planning Office, BigData Business Unit, KT)
Jae Seok Kim (Platform Business Planning Office, BigData Business Unit, KT)
Ah Reum Jang (Platform Business Planning Office, BigData Business Unit, KT)
Jae Ho Lee (Platform Business Planning Office, BigData Business Unit, KT)
Kyung Jin Cha (Department of Business Administration, Kangwon National University)
Sang Won Lee (Department of Computer & Engineering, Wonkwang University)
Vol. 24, No. 4, Page: 137 ~ 154
10.13088/jiis.2018.24.4.137
Keywords
Big Data, Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Animal Infectious Diseases, Evidence-based Policy-making
Abstract
Animal infectious diseases, such as avian influenza and foot and mouth disease, occur almost every year and cause huge economic and social damage to the country. In order to prevent this, the anti-quarantine authorities have tried various human and material endeavors, but the infectious diseases have continued to occur. Avian influenza is known to be developed in 1878 and it rose as a national issue due to its high lethality. Food and mouth disease is considered as most critical animal infectious disease internationally. In a nation where this disease has not been spread, food and mouth disease is recognized as economic disease or political disease because it restricts international trade by making it complex to import processed and non-processed live stock, and also quarantine is costly. In a society where whole nation is connected by zone of life, there is no way to prevent the spread of infectious disease fully. Hence, there is a need to be aware of occurrence of the disease and to take action before it is distributed.
Epidemiological investigation on definite diagnosis target is implemented and measures are taken to prevent the spread of disease according to the investigation results, simultaneously with the confirmation of both human infectious disease and animal infectious disease. The foundation of epidemiological investigation is figuring out to where one has been, and whom he or she has met. In a data perspective, this can be defined as an action taken to predict the cause of disease outbreak, outbreak location, and future infection, by collecting and analyzing geographic data and relation data. Recently, an attempt has been made to develop a prediction model of infectious disease by using Big Data and deep learning technology, but there is no active research on model building studies and case reports. KT and the Ministry of Science and ICT have been carrying out big data projects since 2014 as part of national R &D projects to analyze and predict the route of livestock related vehicles. To prevent animal infectious diseases, the researchers first developed a prediction model based on a regression analysis using vehicle movement data. After that, more accurate prediction model was constructed using machine learning algorithms such as Logistic Regression, Lasso, Support Vector Machine and Random Forest. In particular, the prediction model for 2017 added the risk of diffusion to the facilities, and the performance of the model was improved by considering the hyper-parameters of the modeling in various ways. Confusion Matrix and ROC Curve show that the model constructed in 2017 is superior to the machine learning model. The difference between the2016 model and the 2017 model is that visiting information on facilities such as feed factory and slaughter house, and information on bird livestock, which was limited to chicken and duck but now expanded to goose and quail, has been used for analysis in the later model. In addition, an explanation of the results was added to help the authorities in making decisions and to establish a basis for persuading stakeholders in 2017. This study reports an animal infectious disease prevention system which is constructed on the basis of hazardous vehicle movement, farm and environment Big Data. The significance of this study is that it describes the evolution process of the prediction model using Big Data which is used in the field and the model is expected to be more complete if the form of viruses is put into consideration. This will contribute to data utilization and analysis model development in related field. In addition, we expect that the system constructed in this study will provide more preventive and effective prevention.
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빅데이터와 딥러닝을 활용한동물 감염병 확산 차단
김성현 (한국정보화진흥원)
최준기 (KT빅데이터사업추진단)
김재석 (KT빅데이터사업추진단)
장아름 (KT빅데이터사업추진단)
이재호 (KT빅데이터사업추진단)
차경진 (강원대학교)
이상원 (원광대학교)
Keywords
빅데이터, 딥러닝, 기계학습, 동물전염병, 증거기반 의사결정
Abstract
조류인플루엔자와 구제역 같은 동물감염병은 거의 매년 발생하며 국가에 막대한 경제적 사회적 손실을 일으키고 있다. 이를 예방하기 위해서 그간 방역당국은 다양한 인적, 물적 노력을 기울였지만 감염병은 지속적으로발생해 왔다. 최근 빅데이터와 딥러닝 기술을 활용하여 감염병의 예측모델을 개발하고자 하는 시도가 시작되고있지만, 실제로 활용가능한 모델구축 연구와 사례보고는 활발히 진행되고 있지 않은 실정이다. KT와 과학기술정보통신부는 2014년부터 국가 R&D사업의 일환으로 축산관련 차량의 이동경로를 분석하여 예측하는 빅데이터사업을 수행하고 있다. 동물감염병 예방을 위하여 연구진은 최초에는 차량이동 데이터를 활용한 회귀분석모델을 기반으로 한 예측모델을 개발하였다. 이후에는 기계학습을 활용하여 좀 더 정확한 예측 모델을 구성하였다.
특히, 2017년 예측모델에서는 시설물에 대한 확산 위험도를 추가하였고 모델링의 하이퍼 파라미터를 다양하게고려하여 모델의 성능을 높였다. 정오분류표와 ROC 커브를 확인한 결과, 기계 학습 모델보다 2017년 구성된 모형이 우수함을 확인 할 수 있었다. 또한 2017에는 결과에 대한 설명을 추가하여 방역당국의 의사결정을 돕고이해관계자를 설득할 수 있는 근거를 확보하였다. 본 연구는 빅데이터를 활용하여 동물감염병예방시스템을 구축한 사례연구로 모델주요변수값, 이에따른 실제예측성능결과, 그리고 상세하게 기술된 시스템구축 프로세스는향후 감염병예방 영역의 지속적인 빅데이터활용 및 분석 모델 개발에 기여할 수 있을 것이다. 또한 본 연구에서구축한 시스템을 통해 보다 사전적이고 효과적인 방역을 할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Kim, S. H., J. K. Choi, J. S. Kim, A. R. Jang, J. H. Lee, K. J. Cha, and S. W. Lee, "Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018), 137~154.

IEEE Style
Sung Hyun Kim, Joon Ki Choi, Jae Seok Kim, Ah Reum Jang, Jae Ho Lee, Kyung Jin Cha, and Sang Won Lee, "Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 137~154, 2018.

ACM Style
Kim, S. H., Choi, J. K., Kim, J. S., Jang, A. R., Lee, J. H., Cha, K. J., and Lee, S. W., 2018. Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 24, 4, 137--154.
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@article{Kim:JIIS:2018:753,
author = {Kim, Sung Hyun and Choi, Joon Ki and Kim, Jae Seok and Jang, Ah Reum and Lee, Jae Ho and Cha, Kyung Jin and Lee, Sang Won},
title = {Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {December 2018},
volume = {24},
number = {4},
month = Dec,
year = {2018},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {137--154},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2018.24.4.137 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2018.24.4.137},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Big Data, Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Animal Infectious Diseases and Evidence-based Policy-making
},
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 753
%A Sung Hyun Kim
%A Joon Ki Choi
%A Jae Seok Kim
%A Ah Reum Jang
%A Jae Ho Lee
%A Kyung Jin Cha
%A Sang Won Lee
%T Animal Infectious Diseases Prevention through Big Data and Deep Learning
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 24
%N 4
%P 137-154
%D 2018
%R 10.13088/jiis.2018.24.4.137
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society