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Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base
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JaeHun Kim (Research Laboratory, LiST)
Myungjin Lee (Research Laboratory, LiST)
Vol. 25, No. 1, Page: 43 ~ 61
10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.043
Keywords
Deep learning, Artificial Intelligence, Ontology, Knowledge base, Knowledge extraction
Abstract
Development of technologies in artificial intelligence has been rapidly increasing with the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and researches related to AI have been actively conducted in a variety of fields such as autonomous vehicles, natural language processing, and robotics. These researches have been focused on solving cognitive problems such as learning and problem solving related to human intelligence from the 1950s. The field of artificial intelligence has achieved more technological advance than ever, due to recent interest in technology and research on various algorithms. The knowledge-based system is a sub-domain of artificial intelligence, and it aims to enable artificial intelligence agents to make decisions by using machine-readable and processible knowledge constructed from complex and informal human knowledge and rules in various fields. A knowledge base is used to optimize information collection, organization, and retrieval, and recently it is used with statistical artificial intelligence such as machine learning. Recently, the purpose of the knowledge base is to express, publish, and share knowledge on the web by describing and connecting web resources such as pages and data. These knowledge bases are used for intelligent processing in various fields of artificial intelligence such as question answering system of the smart speaker.
However, building a useful knowledge base is a time-consuming task and still requires a lot of effort of the experts. In recent years, many kinds of research and technologies of knowledge based artificial intelligence use DBpedia that is one of the biggest knowledge base aiming to extract structured content from the various information of Wikipedia. DBpedia contains various information extracted from Wikipedia such as a title, categories, and links, but the most useful knowledge is from infobox of Wikipedia that presents a summary of some unifying aspect created by users. These knowledge are created by the mapping rule between infobox structures and DBpedia ontology schema defined in DBpedia Extraction Framework. In this way, DBpedia can expect high reliability in terms of accuracy of knowledge by using the method of generating knowledge from semi-structured infobox data created by users. However, since only about 50% of all wiki pages contain infobox in Korean Wikipedia, DBpedia has limitations in term of knowledge scalability. This paper proposes a method to extract knowledge from text documents according to the ontology schema using machine learning. In order to demonstrate the appropriateness of this method, we explain a knowledge extraction model according to the DBpedia ontology schema by learning Wikipedia infoboxes. Our knowledge extraction model consists of three steps, document classification as ontology classes, proper sentence classification to extract triples, and value selection and transformation into RDF triple structure. The structure of Wikipedia infobox are defined as infobox templates that provide standardized information across related articles, and DBpedia ontology schema can be mapped these infobox templates. Based on these mapping relations, we classify the input document according to infobox categories which means ontology classes. After determining the classification of the input document, we classify the appropriate sentence according to attributes belonging to the classification. Finally, we extract knowledge from sentences that are classified as appropriate, and we convert knowledge into a form of triples. In order to train models, we generated training data set from Wikipedia dump using a method to add BIO tags to sentences, so we trained about 200 classes and about 2,500 relations for extracting knowledge. Furthermore, we evaluated comparative experiments of CRF and Bi-LSTM-CRF for the knowledge extraction process. Through this proposed process, it is possible to utilize structured knowledge by extracting knowledge according to the ontology schema from text documents. In addition, this methodology can significantly reduce the effort of the experts to construct instances according to the ontology schema.
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지식베이스 구축을 위한 한국어 위키피디아의 학습 기반 지식추출 방법론 및 플랫폼 연구
김재헌 (기술연구소, 리스트)
이명진 (기술연구소, 리스트)
Keywords
딥러닝, 온톨로지, 인공지능, 지식베이스, 지식추출
Abstract
최근 4차 산업혁명과 함께 인공지능 기술에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있으며, 이전의 그 어느 때보다도기술의 발전이 빠르게 진행되고 있는 추세이다. 이러한 인공지능 환경에서 양질의 지식베이스는 인공지능 기술의 향상 및 사용자 경험을 높이기 위한 기반 기술로써 중요한 역할을 하고 있다. 특히 최근에는 인공지능 스피커를 통한 질의응답과 같은 서비스의 기반 지식으로 활용되고 있다. 하지만 지식베이스를 구축하는 것은 사람의 많은 노력을 요하며, 이로 인해 지식을 구축하는데 많은 시간과 비용이 소모된다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기위해 본 연구에서는 기계학습을 이용하여 지식베이스의 구조에 따라 학습을 수행하고, 이를 통해 자연어 문서로부터 지식을 추출하여 지식화하는 방법에 대해 제안하고자 한다. 이러한 방법의 적절성을 보이기 위해DBpedia 온톨로지의 구조를 기반으로 학습을 수행하여 지식을 구축할 것이다. 즉, DBpedia의 온톨로지 구조에따라 위키피디아 문서에 기술되어 있는 인포박스를 이용하여 학습을 수행하고 이를 바탕으로 자연어 텍스트로부터 지식을 추출하여 온톨로지화하기 위한 방법론을 제안하고자 한다. 학습을 바탕으로 지식을 추출하기 위한과정은 문서 분류, 적합 문장 분류, 그리고 지식 추출 및 지식베이스 변환의 과정으로 이루어진다. 이와 같은방법론에 따라 실제 지식 추출을 위한 플랫폼을 구축하였으며, 실험을 통해 본 연구에서 제안하고자 하는 방법론이 지식을 확장하는데 있어 유용하게 활용될 수 있음을 증명하였다. 이러한 방법을 통해 구축된 지식은 향후지식베이스를 기반으로 한 인공지능을 위해 활용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Kim, J., and M. Lee, "Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 25, No. 1 (2019), 43~61.

IEEE Style
JaeHun Kim, and Myungjin Lee, "Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 43~61, 2019.

ACM Style
Kim, J., and Lee, M., 2019. Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 25, 1, 43--61.
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@article{Kim:JIIS:2019:760,
author = {Kim, JaeHun and Lee, Myungjin},
title = {Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {March 2019},
volume = {25},
number = {1},
month = Mar,
year = {2019},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {43--61},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.043 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.043},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Deep learning, Artificial Intelligence, Ontology, Knowledge base and Knowledge extraction
},
}
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%A JaeHun Kim
%A Myungjin Lee
%T Knowledge Extraction Methodology and Framework from Wikipedia Articles for Construction of Knowledge-Base
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 25
%N 1
%P 43-61
%D 2019
%R 10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.043
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society