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A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis
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Jae-Seong Lee (University of Science & Technology)
Jaeyoung Kim (Ajou University)
Byeongwook Kang (Kyonggi University)
Vol. 25, No. 1, Page: 139 ~ 161
10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.139
Keywords
Collaborative Filtering, Personalized Marketing, Recommendation System, Machine Learning, Demand forecast
Abstract
The utilization of the e-commerce market has become a common life style in today. It has become important part to know where and how to make reasonable purchases of good quality products for customers. This change in purchase psychology tends to make it difficult for customers to make purchasing decisions in vast amounts of information. In this case, the recommendation system has the effect of reducing the cost of information retrieval and improving the satisfaction by analyzing the purchasing behavior of the customer. Amazon and Netflix are considered to be the well-known examples of sales marketing using the recommendation system. In the case of Amazon, 60% of the recommendation is made by purchasing goods, and 35% of the sales increase was achieved. Netflix, on the other hand, found that 75% of movie recommendations were made using services.
This personalization technique is considered to be one of the key strategies for one-to-one marketing that can be useful in online markets where salespeople do not exist. Recommendation techniques that are mainly used in recommendation systems today include collaborative filtering and content-based filtering.
Furthermore, hybrid techniques and association rules that use these techniques in combination are also being used in various fields. Of these, collaborative filtering recommendation techniques are the most popular today. Collaborative filtering is a method of recommending products preferred by neighbors who have similar preferences or purchasing behavior, based on the assumption that users who have exhibited similar tendencies in purchasing or evaluating products in the past will have a similar tendency to other products. However, most of the existed systems are recommended only within the same category of products such as books and movies. This is because the recommendation system estimates the purchase satisfaction about new item which have never been bought yet using customer's purchase rating points of a similar commodity based on the transaction data. In addition, there is a problem about the reliability of purchase ratings used in the recommendation system.
Reliability of customer purchase ratings is causing serious problems. In particular, 'Compensatory Review' refers to the intentional manipulation of a customer purchase rating by a company intervention.
In fact, Amazon has been hard-pressed for these "compassionate reviews" since 2016 and has worked hard to reduce false information and increase credibility. The survey showed that the average rating for products with 'Compensated Review' was higher than those without 'Compensation Review'. And it turns out that 'Compensatory Review' is about 12 times less likely to give the lowest rating, and about 4 times less likely to leave a critical opinion. As such, customer purchase ratings are full of various noises. This problem is directly related to the performance of recommendation systems aimed at maximizing profits by attracting highly satisfied customers in most e-commerce transactions.
In this study, we propose the possibility of using new indicators that can objectively substitute existing customer 's purchase ratings by using RFM multi-dimensional analysis technique to solve a series of problems. RFM multi-dimensional analysis technique is the most widely used analytical method in customer relationship management marketing(CRM), and is a data analysis method for selecting customers who are likely to purchase goods.
As a result of verifying the actual purchase history data using the relevant index, the accuracy was as high as about 55%. This is a result of recommending a total of 4,386 different types of products that have never been bought before, thus the verification result means relatively high accuracy and utilization value. And this study suggests the possibility of general recommendation system that can be applied to various offline product data. If additional data is acquired in the future, the accuracy of the proposed recommendation system can be improved.
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RFM 다차원 분석 기법을 활용한 암시적 사용자 피드백 기반 협업 필터링 개선 연구
이재성 (과학기술연합대학원대학교 과학기술경영정책학과)
김재영 (아주대학교 미디어학부)
강병욱 (경기대학교 산업공학과)
Keywords
협업 필터링, 개인화상품추천, 추천시스템, 기계학습, 수요예측
Abstract
전자상거래 시장의 이용이 보편화 되며 고객들에게 좋은 품질의 물건을 어디서, 얼마나 합리적으로 구매할수 있는지가 중요해졌다. 이러한 구매 심리의 변화는 방대한 정보 속에서 오히려 고객들의 구매 의사결정을 어렵게 만드는 경향이 있다. 이때 추천 시스템은 고객의 구매 행동을 분석하여 정보 검색에 드는 비용을 줄이고만족도를 높이는 효과가 있다. 하지만 대부분 추천 시스템은 책이나 영화 등 동종 상품 분류 내에서만 추천이이뤄진다. 왜냐하면 추천 시스템은 특정 상품에 매긴 구매 평점 데이터를 기반으로 해당 상품 분류 내 유사한상품에 대한 구매 만족도를 추정하기 때문이다. 그밖에 추천 시스템에서 사용하는 구매 평점의 신뢰성에 대한문제도 제시되고 있으며 오프라인에선 평점 확보 자체가 어렵다. 이에 본 연구에서는 일련의 문제를 개선하기위해 RFM 다차원 분석 기법을 활용하여 기존에 사용하던 고객의 구매 평점을 객관적으로 대체할 수 있는 새로운 지표의 활용 가능성을 제안하는 바이다. 실제 기업의 구매 이력 데이터에 해당 지표를 적용해서 검증해본결과 높게는 약 55%에 해당하는 정확도를 기록했다. 이는 총 4,386종에 달하는 이종 상품들 중 한번도 이용해본 적 없는 상품을 추천한 결과이기 때문에 검증 결과는 상대적으로 높은 정확도와 활용가치를 의미한다. 그리고 본 연구는 오프라인의 다양한 상품데이터에서도 적용할 수 있는 범용적인 추천 시스템의 가능성을 시사한다. 향후 추가적인 데이터를 확보한다면 제안하는 추천 시스템의 정확도 향상도 기대할 수 있다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Lee, J.-S. ., J. Kim, and B. . Kang, "A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 25, No. 1 (2019), 139~161.

IEEE Style
Jae-Seong Lee, Jaeyoung Kim, and Byeongwook Kang, "A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 139~161, 2019.

ACM Style
Lee, J.-S. ., Kim, J., and Kang, B. ., 2019. A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 25, 1, 139--161.
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@article{Lee:JIIS:2019:765,
author = {Lee, Jae-Seong and Kim, Jaeyoung and Kang, Byeongwook },
title = {A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {March 2019},
volume = {25},
number = {1},
month = Mar,
year = {2019},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {139--161},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.139 },
doi = {10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.139},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Collaborative Filtering, Personalized Marketing, Recommendation System, Machine Learning and Demand forecast
},
}
%0 Journal Article
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%A Jae-Seong Lee
%A Jaeyoung Kim
%A Byeongwook Kang
%T A Study on Improvement of Collaborative Filtering Based on Implicit User Feedback Using RFM Multidimensional Analysis
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 25
%N 1
%P 139-161
%D 2019
%R 10.13088/jiis.2019.25.1.139
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society