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Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System
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Wongi Jo (School of Business, Yonsei University)
Hak-Jin Kim (School of Business, Yonsei University)
Vol. 25, No. 2, Page: 77 ~ 97
Keywords
Ontology, Decision Support System, Logistics situation management system, Performance Based Logistics, Reliability
Abstract
The large amount of data that emerges from the initial connection environment of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is a major factor that distinguishes the Fourth Industrial Revolution from the existing production environment. This environment has two-sided features that allow it to produce data while using it. And the data produced so produces another value. Due to the massive scale of data, future information systems need to process more data in terms of quantities than existing information systems. In addition, in terms of quality, only a large amount of data, Ability is required. In a small-scale information system, it is possible for a person to accurately understand the system and obtain the necessary information, but in a variety of complex systems where it is difficult to understand the system accurately, it becomes increasingly difficult to acquire the desired information. In other words, more accurate processing of large amounts of data has become a basic condition for future information systems. This problem related to the efficient performance of the information system can be solved by building a semantic web which enables various information processing by expressing the collected data as an ontology that can be understood by not only people but also computers.
For example, as in most other organizations, IT has been introduced in the military, and most of the work has been done through information systems. Currently, most of the work is done through information systems. As existing systems contain increasingly large amounts of data, efforts are needed to make the system easier to use through its data utilization.
An ontology-based system has a large data semantic network through connection with other systems, and has a wide range of databases that can be utilized, and has the advantage of searching more precisely and quickly through relationships between predefined concepts. In this paper, we propose a defense ontology as a method for effective data management and decision support. In order to judge the applicability and effectiveness of the actual system, we reconstructed the existing air force munitions situation management system as an ontology based system. It is a system constructed to strengthen management and control of logistics situation of commanders and practitioners by providing real - time information on maintenance and distribution situation as it becomes difficult to use complicated logistics information system with large amount of data. Although it is a method to take pre-specified necessary information from the existing logistics system and display it as a web page, it is also difficult to confirm this system except for a few specified items in advance, and it is also time-consuming to extend the additional function if necessary And it is a system composed of category type without search function. Therefore, it has a disadvantage that it can be easily utilized only when the system is well known as in the existing system.
The ontology-based logistics situation management system is designed to provide the intuitive visualization of the complex information of the existing logistics information system through the ontology.
In order to construct the logistics situation management system through the ontology, And the useful functions such as performance - based logistics support contract management and component dictionary are further identified and included in the ontology. In order to confirm whether the constructed ontology can be used for decision support, it is necessary to implement a meaningful analysis function such as calculation of the utilization rate of the aircraft, inquiry about performance-based military contract.
Especially, in contrast to building ontology database in ontology study in the past, in this study, time series data which change value according to time such as the state of aircraft by date are constructed by ontology, and through the constructed ontology, It is confirmed that it is possible to calculate the utilization rate based on various criteria as well as the computable utilization rate.
In addition, the data related to performance-based logistics contracts introduced as a new maintenance method of aircraft and other munitions can be inquired into various contents, and it is easy to calculate performance indexes used in performance-based logistics contract through reasoning and functions. Of course, we propose a new performance index that complements the limitations of the currently applied performance indicators, and calculate it through the ontology, confirming the possibility of using the constructed ontology.
Finally, it is possible to calculate the failure rate or reliability of each component, including MTBF data of the selected fault-tolerant item based on the actual part consumption performance. The reliability of the mission and the reliability of the system are calculated.
In order to confirm the usability of the constructed ontology-based logistics situation management system, the proposed system through the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), which is a representative model for measuring the acceptability of the technology, is more useful and convenient than the existing system.
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국방 온톨로지를 통한 지능형 의사결정지원시스템 구축 및 활용 - 공군 군수상황관리체계 적용 사례
조원기 (연세대학교)
김학진 (연세대학교)
Keywords
온톨로지, 의사결정지원시스템, 로지스틱스 상황관리 시스템, 성과기반 로지스틱스, 신뢰성
Abstract
4차 산업혁명의 초연결 환경에서 발생하는 많은 양의 데이터는 제 4차 산업혁명을 기존의 생산 환경과 구분지어 주는 주요한 요소이다. 이러한 환경은 데이터를 필요로 하는 동시에 데이터를 생산하는 양면적인 특징을 가진다. 때문에 앞으로의 정보 시스템은 기존의 정보시스템보다 양적인 측면에서 더 많은 데이터를 처리해야 하며, 질적인 측면에서는 많은 데이터 중 사용자의 목적에 부합하는 목표 데이터만을 추출하는 능력이 요구된다. 작은 규모의 정보 시스템에서는 사람이 그 시스템을 정확히 이해하고 필요한 정보를 획득하는 것이 가능하지만, 시스템에 대해 정확한 이해가 어려워진 다양하고 복잡한 시스템에서는 원하는 정보를 획득하는 것이점점 더 어려워진다. 이러한 문제는 데이터를 사람뿐 아니라 컴퓨터가 이해할 수 있는 온톨로지로 표현하여 다양한 정보처리가 가능하도록 하는 시맨틱 웹(Semantic Web) 구축이 해결책이 될 수 있다.
군에서도 현재 대부분의 업무가 정보 시스템을 통해 이루어지고 있는데, 정보의 입력이나 가공 등 단순처리중심으로 구축된 기존 시스템이 점점 더 많은 양의 데이터를 포함하게 되면서 시스템을 쉽게 활용하기 위한 노력이 필요한 상황이다.
본 연구에서는 온톨로지를 통한 지능형 의사결정지원시스템의 예로 온톨로지 기반 군수상황관리체계를 제안하고자 한다. 온톨로지 기반 군수상황관리체계는 기존의 군수정보체계의 복잡한 정보를 직관적으로 보여주기위해 구축된 군수상황관리체계를 온톨로지를 통해 구축하였으며, 성과기반군수지원 계약관리, 부품사전 등의유용한 기능을 추가 식별하여 온톨로지에 포함하였다. 또한 구축된 온톨로지가 의사결정지원에 활용할 수 있는지를 확인하기 위해 시맨틱 웹 기술을 통해 기본적인 질의응답은 물론 추론 및 함수를 통한 분석기능을 구현하였다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Jo, W., and H.-J. Kim, "Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 25, No. 2 (2019), 77~97.

IEEE Style
Wongi Jo, and Hak-Jin Kim, "Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 77~97, 2019.

ACM Style
Jo, W., and Kim, H.-J., 2019. Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 25, 2, 77--97.
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@article{Jo:JIIS:2019:774,
author = {Jo, Wongi and Kim, Hak-Jin},
title = {Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2019},
volume = {25},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2019},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {77--97},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Ontology, Decision Support System, Logistics situation management system, Performance Based Logistics and Reliability
},
}
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%T Construction and Application of Intelligent Decision Support System through Defense Ontology - Application example of Air Force Logistics Situation Management System
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 25
%N 2
%P 77-97
%D 2019
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%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society