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A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining
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Seok Hyung Moon (e-Business, School of Business, Ajou University)
Juyoung Kang (e-Business, School of Business, Ajou University)
Vol. 25, No. 3, Page: 89 ~ 115
Keywords
Sentiment Analysis, Topic Modeling, Network Analysis, Grammar, Writing Style
Abstract
This study was conducted to present the stylistic differences between Arthur Conan Doyle and Agatha Christie, famous as writers of classical mystery novels, through data analysis, and further to present the analytical methodology of the study of style based on text mining. The reason why we chose mystery novels for our research is because the unique devices that exist in classical mystery novels have strong stylistic characteristics, and furthermore, by choosing Arthur Conan Doyle and Agatha Christie, who are also famous to the general reader, as subjects of analysis, so that people who are unfamiliar with the research can be familiar with them.
The primary objective of this study is to identify how the differences exist within the text and to interpret the effects of these differences on the reader. Accordingly, in addition to events and characters, which are key elements of mystery novels, the writer's grammatical style of writing was defined in style and attempted to analyze it. Two series and four books were selected by each writer, and the text was divided into sentences to secure data. After measuring and granting the emotional score according to each sentence, the emotions of the page progress were visualized as a graph, and the trend of the event progress in the novel was identified under eight themes by applying Topic modeling according to the page. By organizing co-occurrence matrices and performing network analysis, we were able to visually see changes in relationships between people as events progressed. In addition, the entire sentence was divided into a grammatical system based on a total of six types of writing style to identify differences between writers and between works. This enabled us to identify not only the general grammatical writing style of the author, but also the inherent stylistic characteristics in their unconsciousness, and to interpret the effects of these characteristics on the reader. This series of research processes can help to understand the context of the entire text based on a defined understanding of the style, and furthermore, by integrating previously individually conducted stylistic studies. This prior understanding can also contribute to discovering and clarifying the existence of text in unstructured data, including online text. This could help enable more accurate recognition of emotions and delivery of commands on an interactive artificial intelligence platform that currently converts voice into natural language.
In the face of increasing attempts to analyze online texts, including New Media, in many ways and discover social phenomena and managerial values, it is expected to contribute to more meaningful online text analysis and semantic interpretation through the links to these studies. However, the fact that the analysis data used in this study are two or four books by author can be considered as a limitation in that the data analysis was not attempted in sufficient quantities. The application of the writing characteristics applied to the Korean text even though it was an English text also could be limitation. The more diverse stylistic characteristics were limited to six, and the less likely interpretation was also considered as a limitation. In addition, it is also regrettable that the research was conducted by analyzing classical mystery novels rather than text that is commonly used today, and that various classical mystery novel writers were not compared. Subsequent research will attempt to increase the diversity of interpretations by taking into account a wider variety of grammatical systems and stylistic structures and will also be applied to the current frequently used online text analysis to assess the potential for interpretation. It is expected that this will enable the interpretation and definition of the specific structure of the style and that various usability can be considered.
Show/Hide Detailed Information in Korean
텍스트 마이닝 기법을 활용한 고전 추리 소설 작가 간 문체적 차이와 문체 구조에 대한 연구
문석형 (아주대학교 e-비즈니스학과)
강주영 (아주대학교 e-비즈니스학과)
Keywords
감성 분석, 토픽 모델링, 네트워크 분석, 문법, 문체
Abstract
본 연구는 고전 추리 소설 작가로 유명한 아서 코난 도일과 애거서 크리스티의 문체적 차이점을 데이터 분석을 통해 제시하고, 나아가 텍스트 마이닝에 입각한 문체 연구의 해석적 방법론을 제시하고자 시행되었다. 추리소설의 핵심 요소인 사건과 인물에 더해 작가의 문법적인 집필 방식을 문체로 정의하고 분석을 시도하였다. 작가 별로 각 2권, 총 4권의 책을 선정하였으며 문장 단위로 텍스트를 나누어 데이터를 확보하였다. 각 문장에 따른 감성 점수를 부여한 뒤 페이지 진행에 따른 감성을 시각화하였으며, 페이지에 따라 토픽 모델링을 적용하여소설 속 사건 진행 흐름을 파악할 수 있었다. 동시 발생 매트릭스(co-occurrence matrix)를 구성하고 네트워크 분석(Network Analysis)을 시행함으로써 사건이 진행되는 과정에서 인물들 간 관계의 변화를 확인할 수 있었다.
또한 전체 문장을 총 6가지 문체를 기준으로 문법적인 체계를 나누어 작가 간, 그리고 작품 간 집필 방식의 차이점을 확인하였다. 이러한 일련의 연구 과정은 문체에 대한 이해를 바탕으로 글 전체의 맥락을 파악할 수 있도록 도움을 줄 수 있으며, 나아가 기존에 개별적으로 진행되었던 문체 연구를 통합시킴으로써 문체 구조에 대한이해를 도울 수 있다. 그리고 이러한 선행된 이해를 통해 온라인 텍스트를 비롯한 비정형 데이터 속 문체의 존재를 발견하고 구체화하는 작업에 기여할 수 있다. 뉴미디어를 포함한 온라인 텍스트를 심도 있게 분석하고자하는 시도가 증가하고 있는 상황에서 해당 연구들과 연계를 통해 보다 의미 있는 온라인 텍스트 분석에 기여할것으로 기대된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Moon, S. H., and J. Kang, "A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2019), 89~115.

IEEE Style
Seok Hyung Moon, and Juyoung Kang, "A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 89~115, 2019.

ACM Style
Moon, S. H., and Kang, J., 2019. A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 25, 3, 89--115.
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@article{Moon:JIIS:2019:783,
author = {Moon, Seok Hyung and Kang, Juyoung},
title = {A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {September 2019},
volume = {25},
number = {3},
month = Sep,
year = {2019},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {89--115},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Sentiment Analysis, Topic Modeling, Network Analysis, Grammar and Writing Style
},
}
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%A Seok Hyung Moon
%A Juyoung Kang
%T A study on detective story authors’ style differentiation and style structure based on Text Mining
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 25
%N 3
%P 89-115
%D 2019
%R
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society