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Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques
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Ji-Song Jeong (Department of Quantum Energy and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology)
Ho-Dong Kim (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
Vol. 27, No. 2, Page: 33 ~ 54
Keywords
Nuclear spent fuel, text mining, word cloud, TF-IDF, Semantic Network Analysis
Abstract
With the fourth industrial revolution and the arrival of the New Normal era due to Corona, the importance of Non-contact technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data research has been increasing. Convergent research is being conducted in earnest to keep up with these research trends, but not many studies have been conducted in the area of nuclear research using artificial intelligence and big data-related technologies such as natural language processing and text mining analysis. This study was conducted to confirm the applicability of data science analysis techniques to the field of nuclear research. Furthermore, the study of identifying trends in nuclear spent fuel recognition is critical in terms of being able to determine directions to nuclear industry policies and respond in advance to changes in industrial policies. For those reasons, this study conducted a media trend analysis of pyroprocessing, a spent nuclear fuel treatment technology. We objectively analyze changes in media perception of spent nuclear fuel dry treatment techniques by applying text mining analysis techniques. Text data specializing in Naver's web news articles, including the keywords "Pyroprocessing" and "Sodium Cooled Reactor," were collected through Python code to identify changes in perception over time. The analysis period was set from 2007 to 2020, when the first article was published, and detailed and multi-layered analysis of text data was carried out through analysis methods such as word cloud writing based on frequency analysis, TF-IDF and degree centrality calculation. Analysis of the frequency of the keyword showed that there was a change in media perception of spent nuclear fuel dry treatment technology in the mid-2010s, which was influenced by the Gyeongju earthquake in 2016 and the implementation of the new government's energy conversion policy in 2017. Therefore, trend analysis was conducted based on the corresponding time period, and word frequency analysis, TF-IDF, degree centrality values, and semantic network graphs were derived.
Studies show that before the 2010s, media perception of spent nuclear fuel dry treatment technology was diplomatic and positive. However, over time, the frequency of keywords such as "safety", "reexamination", "disposal", and "disassembly" has increased, indicating that the sustainability of spent nuclear fuel dry treatment technology is being seriously considered. It was confirmed that social awareness also changed as spent nuclear fuel dry treatment technology, which was recognized as a political and diplomatic technology, became ambiguous due to changes in domestic policy.
This means that domestic policy changes such as nuclear power policy have a greater impact on media perceptions than issues of "spent nuclear fuel processing technology" itself. This seems to be because nuclear policy is a socially more discussed and public-friendly topic than spent nuclear fuel. Therefore, in order to improve social awareness of spent nuclear fuel processing technology, it would be necessary to provide sufficient information about this, and linking it to nuclear policy issues would also be a good idea. In addition, the study highlighted the importance of social science research in nuclear power. It is necessary to apply the social sciences sector widely to the nuclear engineering sector, and considering national policy changes, we could confirm that the nuclear industry would be sustainable.
However, this study has limitations that it has applied big data analysis methods only to detailed research areas such as "Pyroprocessing," a spent nuclear fuel dry processing technology. Furthermore, there was no clear basis for the cause of the change in social perception, and only news articles were analyzed to determine social perception. Considering future comments, it is expected that more reliable results will be produced and efficiently used in the field of nuclear policy research if a media trend analysis study on nuclear power is conducted.
Recently, the development of uncontact-related technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data research is accelerating in the wake of the recent arrival of the New Normal era caused by corona. Convergence research is being conducted in earnest in various research fields to follow these research trends, but not many studies have been conducted in the nuclear field with artificial intelligence and big data-related technologies such as natural language processing and text mining analysis. The academic significance of this study is that it was possible to confirm the applicability of data science analysis technology in the field of nuclear research. Furthermore, due to the impact of current government energy policies such as nuclear power plant reductions, re-evaluation of spent fuel treatment technology research is undertaken, and key keyword analysis in the field can contribute to future research orientation. It is important to consider the views of others outside, not just the safety technology and engineering integrity of nuclear power, and further reconsider whether it is appropriate to discuss nuclear engineering technology internally. In addition, if multidisciplinary research on nuclear power is carried out, reasonable alternatives can be prepared to maintain the nuclear industry.
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텍스트마이닝 기법을 활용한 사용후핵연료 건식처리기술 관련 언론 동향 분석
정지송 (과학기술연합대학원대학교 양자에너지화학공학과)
김호동 (한국원자력연구원 책임연구원)
Keywords
사용후핵연료, 텍스트마이닝, 워드 클라우드, TF-IDF, 의미 네트워크 분석
Abstract
최근 4차 산업혁명, 코로나로 인한 뉴노멀 시대의 도래 등을 계기로 인공지능, 빅데이터 연구와 같은 언택트 관련 기술의 중요성이 더욱 급상하고 있다. 각종 연구 분야에서는 이러한 연구 트렌드를 따라가기 위한 융합적 연구가 본격적으로 시행되고 있으나 원자력 분야의 경우 자연어 처리, 텍스트마이닝 분석 등 인공지능 및 빅데이터 관련 기술을 적용한 연구가 많이 수행되지 않았다. 이에 원자력 연구 분야에 데이터 사이언스 분석기술의 적용 가능성을 확인해보고자 본 연구를 수행하였다. 원자로 연료로 사용된 뒤 배출되는 사용후핵연료 인식 동향 파악에 대한 연구는 원자력 산업 정책에 대한 방향을 결정하고 산업정책 변화를 사전에 대응할 수 있다는 측면에서 매우 중요하다. 사용후핵연료 처리기술은 크게 습식 재처리 방식과 건식 재처리 방식으로 나뉘는데, 이 중 환경 친화적이고 핵비확산성 및 경제성이 높은 건식재처리 기술인 ‘파이로프로세싱’과 그 연계 원자로 ‘소듐냉각고속로’의 연구개발에 대한 재평가가 현재 지속적으로 검토되고 있다. 따라서 위와 같은 이유로, 본 연구에서는 사용후핵연료 처리기술인 파이로프로세싱에 대한 언론 동향 분석을 진행하였다. 사용후핵연료 처리기술인‘파이로프로세싱’키워드를 포함하는 네이버 웹 뉴스 기사 전문의 텍스트데이터를 수집하여 기간에 따라 인식변화를 분석하였다. 2016년 발생한 경주 지진, 2017년 새 정부의 에너지 전환정책 시행된 2010년대 중반 시기를 기준으로 전, 후의 동향 분석이 시행되었고, 빈도분석을 바탕으로 한 워드 클라우드 도출, TF-IDF(Term Frequency – Inverse Document Frequency) 도출, 연결정도 중심성 산출 등의 분석방법을 통해 텍스트데이터에 대한 세부적이고 다층적인 분석을 수행하였다. 연구 결과, 2010년대 이전에는 사용후핵연료 처리기술에 대한 사회 언론의 인식이 외교적이고 긍정적이었음을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 시간이 흐름에 따라 ‘안전(safety)’, ‘재검토(reexamination)’, ‘대책(countermeasure)’, ‘처분(disposal)’, ‘해체(disassemble)’ 등의 키워드 출현빈도가 급증하며 사용후핵연료 처리기술 연구에 대한 지속 여부가 사회적으로 진지하게 고려되고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 정치 외교적 기술로 인식되던 사용후핵연료 처리기술이 국내 정책의 변화로 연구 지속 가능성이 모호해짐에 따라 언론 인식도 점차 변화했다는 것을 확인하였다. 이러한 연구 결과를 통해 원자력 분야에서의 사회과학 연구의 지속은 필수불가결함을 알 수 있었고 이에 대한 중요성이 부각되었다. 또한, 현 정부의 원전 감축과 같은 에너지 정책의 영향으로, 사용후핵연료 처리기술 연구개발에 대한 재평가가 시행되는 이 시점에서 해당 분야의 주요 키워드 분석은 향후 연구 방향 설정에 기여할 수 있을 것이라는 측면에서 실무적 의의를 갖는다. 더 나아가 원자력 공학 분야에 사회과학 분야를 폭넓게 적용할 필요가 있으며, 국가 정책적 변화를 고려해야 원자력 산업이 지속 가능할 것으로 사료된다.
Cite this article
JIIS Style
Jeong, J.-S., and H.-D. Kim, "Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, Vol. 27, No. 2 (2021), 33~54.

IEEE Style
Ji-Song Jeong, and Ho-Dong Kim, "Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques", Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 33~54, 2021.

ACM Style
Jeong, J.-S., and Kim, H.-D., 2021. Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques. Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems. 27, 2, 33--54.
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@article{Jeong:JIIS:2021:843,
author = {Jeong, Ji-Song and Kim, Ho-Dong},
title = {Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques},
journal = {Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems},
issue_date = {June 2021},
volume = {27},
number = {2},
month = Jun,
year = {2021},
issn = {2288-4866},
pages = {33--54},
url = {},
doi = {},
publisher = {Korea Intelligent Information System Society},
address = {Seoul, Republic of Korea},
keywords = { Nuclear spent fuel, text mining, word cloud, TF-IDF and Semantic Network Analysis },
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 843
%A Ji-Song Jeong
%A Ho-Dong Kim
%T Analysis of media trends related to spent nuclear fuel treatment technology using text mining techniques
%J Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
%@ 2288-4866
%V 27
%N 2
%P 33-54
%D 2021
%R
%I Korea Intelligent Information System Society