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Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems,
Vol. 15, No. 4, December 2009
Evaluation of Web Service Similarity Assessment Methods
Yousub Hwang
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 1 ~ 22
Abstract
The World Wide Web is transitioning from being a mere collection of documents that contain useful information toward providing a collection of services that perform useful tasks. The emerging Web service technology has been envisioned as the next technological wave and is expected to play an important role in this recent transformation of the Web. By providing interoperable interface standards for application-to-application communication, Web services can be combined with component based software development to promote application interaction and integration both within and across enterprises. To make Web services for service-oriented computing operational, it is important that Web service repositories not only be well-structured but also provide efficient tools for developers to find reusable Web service components that meet their needs. As the potential of Web services for service-oriented computing is being widely recognized, the demand for effective Web service discovery mechanisms is concomitantly growing. A number of techniques for Web service discovery have been proposed, but the discovery challenge has not been satisfactorily addressed. Unfortunately, most existing solutions are either too rudimentary to be useful or too domain dependent to be generalizable. In this paper, we propose a Web service organizing framework that combines clustering techniques with string matching and leverages the semantics of the XML-based service specification in WSDL documents. We believe that this is one of the first attempts at applying data mining techniques in the Web service discovery domain. Our proposed approach has several appealing features : (1) It minimizes the requirement of prior knowledge from both service consumers and publishers; (2) It avoids exploiting domain dependent ontologies; and (3) It is able to visualize the semantic relationships among Web services. We have developed a prototype system based on the proposed framework using an unsupervised artificial neural network and empirically evaluated the proposed approach and tool using real Web service descriptions drawn from operational Web service registries. We report on some preliminary results demonstrating the efficacy of the proposed approach.
Improvement of Network Intrusion Detection Rate by Using LBG Algorithm Based Data Mining
Seongchul Park, and Juntae Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 23 ~ 36
Keywords : Network Intrusion Detection, Data Mining, LBG Clustering
Abstract
Network intrusion detection have been continuously improved by using data mining techniques. There are two kinds of methods in intrusion detection using data mining-supervised learning with class label and unsupervised learning without class label. In this paper we have studied the way of improving network intrusion detection accuracy by using LBG clustering algorithm which is one of unsupervised learning methods. The K-means method, that starts with random initial centroids and performs clustering based on the Euclidean distance, is vulnerable to noisy data and outliers. The nonuniform binary split algorithm uses binary decomposition without assigning initial values, and it is relatively fast. In this paper we applied the EM(Expectation Maximization) based LBG algorithm that incorporates the strength of two algorithms to intrusion detection. The experimental results using the KDD cup dataset showed that the accuracy of detection can be improved by using the LBG algorithm.
Product Life Cycle Based Service Demand Forecasting Using Self-Organizing Map
Namsik Chang
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 37 ~ 51
Keywords : Service Demand Forecasting, Product Life Cycle, Self-Organizing Map
Abstract
One of the critical issues in the management of manufacturing companies is the efficient process of planning and operating service resources such as human, parts, and facilities, and it begins with the accurate service demand forecasting. In this research, service and sales data from the LCD monitor manufacturer is considered for an empirical study on Product Life Cycle (PLC) based service demand forecasting. The proposed PLC forecasting approach consists of four steps : understanding the basic statistics of data, clustering models using a self-organizing map, developing respective forecasting models for each segment, comparing the accuracy performance. Empirical experiments show that the PLC approach outperformed the traditional approaches in terms of root mean square error and mean absolute percentage error.
Performance Evaluation of Shape Descriptors for Gait Analysis Based on Silhouette Sequence
Seon-Jong Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 53 ~ 64
Keywords : Gait Analysis, Silhouette Images, Fourier Descriptor, Zernike Moments, Zernike Moments
Abstract
This paper presents a performance evaluation of shape descriptors for gait analysis in case of silhouette sequence images. We used moment descriptors(MD), Fourier descriptors(FD) and Zernike descriptors(ZD) as a shape descriptor. To evaluate their performance, we firstly defined the performance index, that is, AI(asymmetry index) and PI(periodic index) based on the periodic property of the gait images. This is why they are represented by periodic parameters due to periodic gait images. This index means that how the shape is represented periodically. According to these indexes, we evaluated the data sets with periodic images, downloaded from internet. The results showed that Zernike descriptors had better performance of AI = 1.09 and PI = 2.21 than others. And in case of FD and ZD, it's efficient to implement the gait analysis with 5~10 parameters.
The Design of Intelligent Agent for Personal Finance Management System on Ubiquitous Environments
Kyung Shik Shin, and Nam Hee Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 65 ~ 78
Keywords : Intelligent Agent, Personal Financial Management Systems, Private banking
Abstract
The rapid changes of financial environment have increased the need and demand for personal financial advisory service from financial experts. In particular, as the individual customers want to get more customized financial services, the financial institutions created the private banking (PB) sector and have constantly expanded their PB services. However, it remains still problematic that the private banking system requires high costs so that the number of eligible customers who can have proper PB services is quite limited. To solve this problem, we propose an intelligent agent that can provides specialized and customized personal financial advisory services to the customers with low costs. The proposed agent systemizes and structures the information and knowledge of financial experts in private banking services so that individual customers can easily access to high-quality PB services when they need. On the first attempt we develop a framework of U-smart PB, an intelligent agent for personal financial management based on different scenarios related to personal financial decisions, and derive its core services. This system not only provides information simply, but also proposes to support personal investment decisions technically as an intelligent agent that embodies real-time customized financial management in a ubiquitous environment, regardless of time and place.
An Empirical Study on the relevance of Web Traffic for Valuation of Internet Companies
Sung Wook Yi, and Seung June Hwang
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 79 ~ 98
Keywords : Internet Companies, Firm Valuation, Web-traffic
Abstract
Web traffic is becoming an important indicator to make inferences about internet companies' future prospects so that traditional firm valuation methods need to be modified to integrate the ideas of web traffic information as a major asset of internet companies. It is because web traffic is a measure of attracting visitors to firm's web site and is the basis for internet companies' marketing expenditure and customer acquisition and retention. Also the web traffic represents the internet companies' technological advances and marketability. The major purpose of this study is to show the relevance of web traffic for valuation of internet companies. For this, we test hypothesis with the firm's web traffic and financial data using the analysis model of Hand(2000a) derived from the log-linear model introduced by Ye and Finn(1999). Test results show that the web traffic, more specifically the number of unique visitors, visits, and page views are all positively related to the firm's value. This implies that the web traffic information should be considered as one of the important non-financial indicator for the internet firm valuation.
Integrated Corporate Bankruptcy Prediction Model Using Genetic Algorithms
Joong-Kyung Ok , and Kyoung-jae Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 99 ~ 121
Keywords : Integrated Model, Corporate Bankruptcy Prediction, Genetic Algorithms, Data Mining
Abstract
Recently, there have been many studies that predict corporate bankruptcy using data mining techniques. Although various data mining techniques have been investigated, some researchers have tried to combine the results of each data mining technique in order to improve classification performance. In this study, we classify 4 types of data mining techniques via their characteristics and select representative techniques of each type then combine them using a genetic algorithm. The genetic algorithm may find optimal or near-optimal solution because it is a global optimization technique. This study compares the results of single models, typical combination models, and the proposed integration model using the genetic algorithm.
Evaluation of Interpretability for Generated Rules from ANFIS
Hee Seok Song, and Jae Kyeong Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 123 ~ 140
Keywords : Fuzzy system, Fuzzy neural network, ANFIS, Interpretability, Interpretability, Completeness, Redundancy
Abstract
Fuzzy neural network is an integrated model of artificial neural network and fuzzy system and it has been successfully applied in control and forecasting area. Recently ANFIS(Adaptive Network-based Fuzzy Inference System) has been noticed widely among various fuzzy neural network models because of outstanding performance of control and forecasting accuracy. ANFIS has capability to refine its fuzzy rules interactively with human expert. In particular, when we use initial rule structure for machine learning which is generated from human expert, it is highly probable to reach global optimum solution as well as shorten time to convergence. We propose metrics to evaluate interpretability of generated rules as a means of acquiring domain knowledge and compare level of interpretability of ANFIS fuzzy rules to those of C5.0 classification rules. The proposed metrics also can be used to evaluate capability of rule generation for the various machine learning methods.
Framework for Information Integration and Customization Using Ontology and Case-based Reasoning
Hyun Jung Lee, and Mye Sohn
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 141 ~ 158
Keywords : Case-based Reasoning, Dynamic Knowledge Management, Ontology, Dynamic Similarity
Abstract
The requirements of knowledge customization have increased as information resources have become more various and the numbers of the resources are increased. Even if the method for collecting the information has improved like Really Simple Syndication (RSS), information users are still struggling for extracting and customizing the required information through the Web. To reduce the burden, we offer the dynamic knowledge customization framework by using ontology-based CBR. The framework consisting of three phases is comprised of the conversion phase of web information as a machine-accessible case, the extraction phase to find a case appropriate for information users' requirements, and the case customization phase to create knowledge depending on information user's requirements. Newly, the dynamic and intensity-based similarity is adopted to support timely dynamic change of users' requirements. The framework has adopted to create traveler's knowledge to the level users wanted.
A Network Approach to Derive Product Relations and Analyze Topological Characteristics
Hyea Kyeong Kim, and Jae Kyeong Kim
Vol. 15, No. 4, Page: 159 ~ 182
Keywords : Product Network, Social Network Analysis, Centrality
Abstract
We construct product networks from the retail transaction dataset of an off-line department store. In the product networks, nodes are products, and an edge connecting two products represents the existence of co-purchases by a customer. We measure the quantities frequently used for characterizing network structures, such as the degree centrality, the closeness centrality, the betweenness centrality and the centralization. Using the quantities, gender, age, seasonal, and regional differences of the product networks were analyzed and network characteristics of each product category containing each product node were derived. Lastly, we analyze the correlations among the three centrality quantities and draw a marketing strategy for the cross-selling.
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